[tur-ni-kit, toor-]
Medicine/Medical, Surgery. any device for arresting bleeding by forcibly compressing a blood vessel, as a bandage tightened by twisting.
a device for pulling the parts of a wooden piece of furniture together, consisting of a pair of twisted cords passed around the parts.

1685–95; < French, derivative of tourner to turn Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
tourniquet (ˈtʊənɪˌkeɪ, ˈtɔː-)
med any instrument or device for temporarily constricting an artery of the arm or leg to control bleeding
[C17: from French: device that operates by turning, from tourner to turn]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1695, from Fr. tourniquet "surgical tourniquet," also "turnstile," dim. of torner "to turn," from O.Fr. tourner, torner (see turn).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

tourniquet tour·ni·quet (tur'nĭ-kĭt, tûr'-)
A device, typically a tightly encircling bandage, used to check bleeding by temporarily stopping the flow of blood through a large artery in a limb.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The health care provider wraps a tourniquet or blood pressure cuff around your
  upper arm.
He started my instruction by putting a tourniquet on my arm and having us look
  together at my veins.
They accomplish this by opening a neck vein and then applying a tourniquet once
  they've taken a few pints.
He applied a tourniquet to his wrist and continued to radio for support and
  direct the operation before being evacuated.
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