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toxoplasmosis

[tok-soh-plaz-moh-sis] /ˌtɒk soʊ plæzˈmoʊ sɪs/
noun, Pathology
1.
infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, transmitted to humans by consumption of insufficiently cooked meat containing the parasite or by contact with contaminated cats or their feces: the illness produced is usually mild, but in pregnant women may damage the fetus.
Origin
1925-1930
1925-30; < New Latin Toxoplasm(a) (see toxoplasma) + -osis
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for toxoplasmosis
  • Yet this quiet stage of infection, called toxoplasmosis, is deceptive.
  • The diagnosis of toxoplasmosis is typically made by serologic testing.
British Dictionary definitions for toxoplasmosis

toxoplasmosis

/ˌtɒksəʊplæzˈməʊsɪs/
noun
1.
a protozoal disease characterized by jaundice, enlarged liver and spleen, and convulsions, caused by infection with Toxoplasma gondii
Derived Forms
toxoplasmic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for toxoplasmosis

1977, from toxoplasma (1926), coined 1909 in French from toxo-, comb. form of Greek toxon (see toxic) + plasma (see plasma).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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toxoplasmosis in Medicine

toxoplasmosis tox·o·plas·mo·sis (tŏk'sō-plāz-mō'sĭs)
n. pl. tox·o·plas·mo·ses (-mō'sēz)
A disease caused by infection with Toxoplasma gondii. The congenital form, apparently resulting from parasites in the infected mother being transmitted to the fetus, is characterized by lesions of the central nervous system that can cause blindness and brain damage. The acquired form of the disease is characterized by fever, swollen lymph nodes, and lesions in the liver, heart, lungs, and brain.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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toxoplasmosis in Science
toxoplasmosis
  (tŏk'sō-plāz-mō'sĭs)   
An infectious disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii that can be transmitted by infected humans and animals, especially cats, often by contact with feces. Toxoplasmosis can be a mild illness with fever and swollen lymph nodes, or progress to severe damage to the liver, heart, lungs, and brain. Fetuses that become infected during pregnancy may have congenital blindness and brain damage.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for toxoplasmosis

infection of tissue cells of the central nervous system, spleen, liver, and other organs by a parasite, Toxoplasma gondii. Infection occurs in domestic and wild animals, birds, and humans and is worldwide in distribution. It is estimated that 30 to 50 percent of the world's human population carries demonstrable antibodies (indicating previous exposure), but overt symptoms are rare in adults. Swollen glands and fever are the most common findings in those who have any symptoms.

Learn more about toxoplasmosis with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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