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trace1

[treys] /treɪs/
noun
1.
a surviving mark, sign, or evidence of the former existence, influence, or action of some agent or event; vestige:
traces of an advanced civilization among the ruins.
2.
a barely discernible indication or evidence of some quantity, quality, characteristic, expression, etc.:
a trace of anger in his tone.
3.
an extremely small amount of some chemical component:
a trace of copper in its composition.
4.
traces, the series of footprints left by an animal.
5.
the track left by the passage of a person, animal, or object:
the trace of her skates on the ice.
6.
Meteorology. precipitation of less than 0.005 inches (0.127 mm).
7.
a trail or path, especially through wild or open territory, made by the passage of people, animals, or vehicles.
8.
9.
a tracing, drawing, or sketch of something.
10.
a lightly drawn line, as the record drawn by a self-registering instrument.
11.
Mathematics.
  1. the intersection of two planes, or of a plane and a surface.
  2. the sum of the elements along the principal diagonal of a square matrix.
  3. the geometric locus of an equation.
12.
the visible line or lines produced on the screen of a cathode-ray tube by the deflection of the electron beam.
13.
Linguistics. (in generative grammar) a construct that is phonologically empty but serves to mark the place in the surface structure of a sentence from which a noun phrase has been moved by a transformational operation.
14.
Obsolete. a footprint.
verb (used with object), traced, tracing.
15.
to follow the footprints, track, or traces of.
16.
to follow, make out, or determine the course or line of, especially by going backward from the latest evidence, nearest existence, etc.:
to trace one's ancestry to the Pilgrims.
17.
to follow (footprints, evidence, the history or course of something, etc.).
18.
to follow the course, development, or history of:
to trace a political movement.
19.
to ascertain by investigation; find out; discover:
The police were unable to trace his whereabouts.
20.
to draw (a line, outline, figure, etc.).
21.
to make a plan, diagram, or map of.
22.
to copy (a drawing, plan, etc.) by following the lines of the original on a superimposed transparent sheet.
23.
to mark or ornament with lines, figures, etc.
24.
to make an impression or imprinting of (a design, pattern, etc.).
25.
(of a self-registering instrument) to print in a curved, broken, or wavy-lined manner.
26.
to put down in writing.
verb (used without object), traced, tracing.
27.
to go back in history, ancestry, or origin; date back in time:
Her family traces back to Paul Revere.
28.
to follow a course, trail, etc.; make one's way.
29.
(of a self-registering instrument) to print a record in a curved, broken, or wavy-lined manner.
Origin
late Middle English
1250-1300
1250-1300; late Middle English tracen, Middle English: to make one's way, proceed < Middle French tracier < Vulgar Latin *tractiāre, derivative of Latin tractus, past participle of trahere to draw, drag; (noun) Middle English: orig., way, course, line of footprints < Old French, derivative of tracier
Related forms
untraced, adjective
Synonyms
1. T race , vestige agree in denoting marks or signs of something, usually of the past. T race , the broader term, denotes any mark or slight indication of something past or present: a trace of ammonia in water. V estige is more limited and refers to some slight, though actual, remains of something that no longer exists: vestiges of one's former wealth. 2. hint, suggestion, taste, touch. 5. spoor, trail, record. 15. trail.
Antonyms
3. abundance, plethora.

trace2

[treys] /treɪs/
noun
1.
either of the two straps, ropes, or chains by which a carriage, wagon, or the like is drawn by a harnessed horse or other draft animal.
2.
a piece in a machine, as a bar, transferring the movement of one part to another part, being hinged to each.
Idioms
3.
kick over the traces, to throw off restraint; become independent or defiant:
He kicked over the traces and ran off to join the navy.
Origin
1300-50; Middle English trais < Middle French, plural of trait strap for harness, action of drawing < Latin tractus a drawing, dragging; see tract1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for traces
  • The article traces the history of bugs being quite a normal part of cuisines around the world.
  • These texts frequently reach a broader audience and therefore carry with them the traces from the other sorts of texts.
  • traces the history of measurement methods since ancient times and describes moves today toward an absolute system of measurement.
  • One concerned minute traces of weapons grade material found in a centrifuge.
  • After parturition the uterus returns almost to its former condition, but certain traces of its enlargement remains.
  • Most of them have a direct unsophisticated note, and some show traces of rude power.
  • There are no traces of the restraint imposed by a foreign idiom.
  • In other districts of the south, also, considerable traces of grammatical gender and adjective inflection are found quite late.
  • Finding traces of pollution in a supposedly pristine mountain brook is sadly no longer surprising.
  • Anyone walking into a smoker's abode can tell you that the traces of tobacco use don't vanish when a cigarette is extinguished.
British Dictionary definitions for traces

trace1

/treɪs/
noun
1.
a mark or other sign that something has been in a place; vestige
2.
a tiny or scarcely detectable amount or characteristic
3.
a footprint or other indication of the passage of an animal or person
4.
any line drawn by a recording instrument or a record consisting of a number of such lines
5.
something drawn, such as a tracing
6.
(mainly US) a beaten track or path
7.
the postulated alteration in the cells of the nervous system that occurs as the result of any experience or learning See also memory trace, engram
8.
(geometry) the intersection of a surface with a coordinate plane
9.
(maths) the sum of the diagonal entries of a square matrix
10.
(linguistics) a symbol inserted in the constituent structure of a sentence to mark the position from which a constituent has been moved in a generative process
11.
(meteorol) an amount of precipitation that is too small to be measured
12.
(archaic) a way taken; route
verb
13.
(transitive) to follow, discover, or ascertain the course or development of (something): to trace the history of China
14.
(transitive) to track down and find, as by following a trail
15.
to copy (a design, map, etc) by drawing over the lines visible through a superimposed sheet of transparent paper or other material
16.
(transitive) often foll by out
  1. to draw or delineate a plan or diagram of: she spent hours tracing the models one at a time
  2. to outline or sketch (an idea, policy, etc): he traced out his scheme for the robbery
17.
(transitive) to decorate with tracery
18.
(transitive) to imprint (a design) on cloth, etc
19.
(usually foll by back) to follow or be followed to source; date back: his ancestors trace back to the 16th century
20.
(archaic) to make one's way over, through, or along (something)
Derived Forms
traceable, adjective
traceability, traceableness, noun
traceably, adverb
traceless, adjective
tracelessly, adverb
Word Origin
C13: from French tracier, from Vulgar Latin tractiāre (unattested) to drag, from Latin tractus, from trahere to drag

trace2

/treɪs/
noun
1.
either of the two side straps that connect a horse's harness to the swingletree
2.
(angling) a length of nylon or, formerly, gut attaching a hook or fly to a line
3.
kick over the traces, to escape or defy control
Word Origin
C14 trais, from Old French trait, ultimately from Latin trahere to drag
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for traces

trace

v.

late 14c., "to make a plan or diagram," from Old French trasser "delineate, score, trace, follow, pursue" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *tractiare "delineate, score, trace" (cf. Spanish trazar "to trace, devise, plan out," Italian tracciare "to follow by foot"), from Latin tractus "track, course," literally "a drawing out," from past participle stem of trahere "to pull, draw" (see tract (n.1)).

Meaning "to pass over" (a path, etc.) is attested from late 14c.; that of "track down, follow the trail of" is early 15c., from trace (n.1). Sense of "draw an outline of" is first recorded late 14c. Meaning "copy a drawing on a transparent sheet laid over it" is recorded from 1762. Related: Traced; tracing.

n.

"track made by passage of a person or thing," mid-13c., from Old French trace, back-formation from tracier (see trace (v.)). Scientific sense of "indication of minute presence in some chemical compound" is from 1827. Traces "vestiges" is from c.1400.

"straps or chains by which an animal pulls a vehicle," c.1300, from earlier collective plural trays, from Old French traiz, plural of trait "strap for harnessing, act of drawing," from Latin tractus "a drawing, track," from stem of trahere "to pull, draw" (see tract (1)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with traces

traces

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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