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tragacanth

[trag-uh-kanth, traj-] /ˈtræg əˌkænθ, ˈtrædʒ-/
noun
1.
a gummy substance derived from various low, spiny, Asian shrubs belonging to the genus Astragalus, of the legume family, especially A. gummifer: used to impart firmness to pills and lozenges, stiffen calicoes, etc.
Also called gum tragacanth.
Origin
1565-1575
1565-75; < Latin tragacantha goat's thorn < Greek tragákantha, equivalent to trág(os) goat + ákantha thorn. Cf. tragedy, acantho-
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tragacanth

tragacanth

/ˈtræɡəˌkænθ/
noun
1.
any of various spiny leguminous plants of the genus Astragalus, esp A. gummifer, of Asia, having clusters of white, yellow, or purple flowers, and yielding a substance that is made into a gum
2.
the gum obtained from any of these plants, used in the manufacture of pills and lozenges, etc
Word Origin
C16: from French tragacante, from Latin tragacantha goat's thorn, from Greek tragakantha, from tragos goat + akantha thorn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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