transient

[tran-shuhnt, -zhuhnt, -zee-uhnt]
adjective
1.
not lasting, enduring, or permanent; transitory.
2.
lasting only a short time; existing briefly; temporary: transient authority.
3.
staying only a short time: the transient guests at a hotel.
4.
Philosophy, transeunt.
noun
5.
a person or thing that is transient, especially a temporary guest, boarder, laborer, or the like.
6.
Mathematics.
a.
a function that tends to zero as the independent variable tends to infinity.
b.
a solution, especially of a differential equation, having this property.
7.
Physics.
a.
a nonperiodic signal of short duration.
b.
a decaying signal, wave, or oscillation.
8.
Electricity. a sudden pulse of voltage or current.

Origin:
1590–1600; < Latin transi(ēns) (nominative singular), present participle of transīre to pass by, literally, go across + -ent; see transeunt

transiently, adverb
transientness, noun
nontransient, adjective
nontransiently, adverb
nontransientness, noun
untransient, adjective
untransiently, adverb
untransientness, noun


2. fleeting, flitting, flying, fugitive, evanescent. See temporary.


2. permanent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
transeunt or transient (ˈtrænsɪənt)
 
adj
philosophy Compare immanent (of a mental act) causing effects outside the mind
 
[C17: from Latin transiēns going over, from transīre to pass over; see trance]
 
transient or transient
 
adj
 
[C17: from Latin transiēns going over, from transīre to pass over; see trance]

transient (ˈtrænzɪənt)
 
adj
1.  for a short time only; temporary or transitory
2.  philosophy a variant of transeunt
 
n
3.  a transient person or thing
4.  physics a brief change in the state of a system, such as a sudden short-lived oscillation in the current flowing through a circuit
 
[C17: from Latin transiēns going over, from transīre to pass over, from trans- + īre to go]
 
'transiently
 
adv
 
'transience
 
n
 
'transiency
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

transient
1607, from L. transiens (acc. transientem) "passing over or away," prp. of transire "cross over, pass away," from trans- "across" + ire "to go." The noun is first attested 1652; specific sense of "transient guest or boarder" first recorded 1880. Transience is first recorded 1745.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

transient definition


1. A sudden, brief increase in current or voltage in a circuit that can damage sensitive components and instruments.
(2003-06-12)
2. A software object with a short and limited lifetime which is not saved for later reuse.
(1998-04-19)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
Usually for short term transient benefits at the expense of long term growth.
In the vast majority of cases the condition is temporary and mild, causing only
  transient discomfort.
Resident pods tend to prefer fish, while transient pods target marine mammals.
Every year a pod of transient orcas visits the area-but they're arriving later,
  fewer, and sicker each time they return.
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