The area in a seed-bearing plant where the vascular tissue of the root changes into the vascular tissue of the stem. In eudicotyledons, the roots have a solid cylinder of vascular tissue surrounded by cortex. The vascular tissues gradually branch apart and reorient themselves in the stem around a central pith.
The thin layer of the solar atmosphere that separates the chromosphere from the corona. In the transition region, temperatures increase from a relatively cool 20,000°K in the chromosphere to the 1,000,000°K and higher temperatures of the corona. Transition region chemistry involves the ionization of hydrogen and other elements; the light produced by this region comes from ionized forms of carbon, oxygen, and silicon.