transubstantiation

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transubstantiation

[tran-suhb-stan-shee-ey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the changing of one substance into another.
2.
Theology. the changing of the elements of the bread and wine, when they are consecrated in the Eucharist, into the body and blood of Christ (a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church).


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English transubstanciacioun < Medieval Latin trānssubstantiātiōn- (stem of trānssubstantiātiō). See transubstantiate, -ion

consubstantiation, transubstantiation.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
transubstantiation (ˌtrænsəbˌstænʃɪˈeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  (esp in Roman Catholic theology)
 a.  the doctrine that the whole substance of the bread and wine changes into the substance of the body and blood of Christ when consecrated in the Eucharist
 b.  Compare consubstantiation the mystical process by which this is believed to take place during consecration
2.  a substantial change; transmutation
 
transubstanti'ationalist
 
n

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

transubstantiation
late 14c., "change of one substance to another," from M.L. trans(s)ubstantiationem (nom. trans(s)ubstantio), noun of action from trans(s)ubstantiare "to change from one substance into another," from L. trans- "across" + substantiare "to substantiate," from substania "substance" (see
substance). Ecclesiastical sense in reference to the Eucharist first recorded 1530s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

transubstantiation definition


According to the traditional teaching of the Roman Catholic Church, the presence of Jesus in the sacrament of Communion. Through transubstantiation, the bread and wine consumed by worshipers become the body and blood of Jesus when a priest, acting on Jesus' behalf, speaks the words “This is my body” and “This is my blood” over them.

Note: Transubstantiation was the focus of a great controversy during the Reformation, because most other groups of Christians do not maintain this doctrine. They usually hold that the body and blood of Jesus are only symbolically present in the bread and wine or that the bread and wine are the body and blood of Jesus and bread and wine at the same time.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for transubstantiation
It also denied transubstantiation in favour of consubstantiation.
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