trappists

Trappist

[trap-ist]
noun
1.
Roman Catholic Church. a member of a branch of the Cistercian order, observing the austere reformed rule established at La Trappe in 1664.
adjective
2.
of or pertaining to the Trappists.

Origin:
1805–15; < French trappiste, based on the name of the monastery. See La Trappe, -ist

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World English Dictionary
Trappist (ˈtræpɪst)
 
n
a.  a member of a branch of the Cistercian order of Christian monks, the Reformed Cistercians of the Strict Observance which originated at La Trappe in France in 1664. They are noted for their rule of silence
 b.  (as modifier): a Trappist monk

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Trappist
1814, from Fr. trappiste, Cistercian monk of reformed order est. 1664 by abbot De Rancé of La Trappe in Normandy.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Trappists definition


A strict order of monks in the Roman Catholic Church.

Note: Until recent years, Trappists took a vow of silence, under which they were rarely allowed to speak to one another. They were allowed to speak only during worship, to their superiors, and to guests at their monasteries.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

trappists

a branch of the Roman Catholic Cistercians, founded by the converted courtier Armand de Rance (1626-1700), who had governed the Cistercian abbey of La Trappe in France, which he transformed (1662) into a community practicing extreme austerity of diet, penitential exercises, and absolute silence. He became its regular abbot in 1664 and, for more than 30 years, kept the abbey under his forceful sway.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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