treason

[tree-zuhn]
noun
1.
the offense of acting to overthrow one's government or to harm or kill its sovereign.
2.
a violation of allegiance to one's sovereign or to one's state.
3.
the betrayal of a trust or confidence; breach of faith; treachery.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English tre(i)so(u)n < Anglo-French; Old French traïson < Latin trāditiōn- (stem of trāditiō) a handing over, betrayal. See tradition

supertreason, noun


1. T reason , sedition mean disloyalty or treachery to one's country or its government. T reason is any attempt to overthrow the government or impair the well-being of a state to which one owes allegiance; the crime of giving aid or comfort to the enemies of one's government. S edition is any act, writing, speech, etc., directed unlawfully against state authority, the government, or constitution, or calculated to bring it into contempt or to incite others to hostility, ill will or disaffection; it does not amount to treason and therefore is not a capital offense. 2. See disloyalty.
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World English Dictionary
treason (ˈtriːzən)
 
n
1.  violation or betrayal of the allegiance that a person owes his sovereign or his country, esp by attempting to overthrow the government; high treason
2.  any treachery or betrayal
 
[C13: from Old French traïson, from Latin trāditiō a handing over; see tradition, traditor]
 
'treasonable
 
adj
 
'treasonous
 
adj
 
'treasonableness
 
n
 
'treasonably
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

treason
early 13c., from Anglo-Fr. treson, from O.Fr. traison (11c.; Fr. trahison), from L. traditionem (nom. traditio) "a handing over, delivery, surrender" (see tradition). O.Fr. form influenced by the verb trair "betray." In old English law, high treason is violation by a subject
of his allegiance to his sovereign or to the state; distinguished from petit treason, treason against a subject, such as murder of a master by his servant.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Since the president is sworn to protect the country from all enemies, his
  failure to do so is treason.
As far as any science is concerned, he committed high treason, and he should be
  dealt with accordingly.
It would be a treason to my first consciousness to un-Jew myself.
Seventy opposition leaders were charged with treason.
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