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trench

[trench] /trɛntʃ/
noun
1.
Fortification. a long, narrow excavation in the ground, the earth from which is thrown up in front to serve as a shelter from enemy fire or attack.
2.
trenches, a system of such excavations, with their embankments, etc.
3.
a deep furrow, ditch, or cut.
4.
Oceanography. a long, steep-sided, narrow depression in the ocean floor.
verb (used with object)
5.
to surround or fortify with trenches; entrench.
6.
to cut a trench in.
7.
to set or place in a trench.
8.
to form (a furrow, ditch, etc.) by cutting into or through something.
9.
to make a cut in; cut into; carve.
verb (used without object)
10.
to dig a trench.
Verb phrases
11.
trench on/upon,
  1. to encroach or infringe on.
  2. to come close to; verge on:
    His remarks were trenching on poor taste.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English trenche path made by cutting < Old French: act of cutting, a cut, derivative of trenchier to cut < Vulgar Latin *trincāre, for Latin truncāre to lop; see truncate
Related forms
subtrench, noun
untrenched, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for trenches
  • First they dug trenches, but the fire outpaced them.
  • Photo of the transparent, flexible battery, with a microscope image of the grid of trenches making up the battery's electrodes.
  • Not war, but the letter a soldier would read to comfort himself while in the trenches.
  • Literary folk in the trenches know that many poets don't care much about specific predecessors.
  • Most folks in the trenches feel that a more team-oriented approach might be more effective.
  • Graduate students are the people who see it from the trenches.
  • These are designed to bring great laughs among pals who are in the trenches.
  • There are rebel checkpoints on the roads, trenches around key towns, and training camps in remote villages.
  • The trenches' layout mimics the pattern of the long-gone posts.
  • The tallest pyramid at the site not only has looters' trenches but was deeply penetrated by a series of tunnels.
British Dictionary definitions for trenches

trenches

/ˈtrɛntʃɪz/
plural noun
1.
a system of excavations used for the protection of troops, esp those (the Trenches) used at the front line in World War I

trench

/trɛntʃ/
noun
1.
a deep ditch or furrow
2.
a ditch dug as a fortification, having a parapet of the excavated earth
verb
3.
to make a trench in (a place)
4.
(transitive) to fortify with a trench or trenches
5.
to slash or be slashed
6.
(intransitive; foll by on or upon) to encroach or verge
See also trenches
Word Origin
C14: from Old French trenche something cut, from trenchier to cut, from Latin truncāre to cut off
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for trenches

trench

n.

late 14c., "track cut through a wood," later "long, narrow ditch" (late 15c.), from Old French trenche "a slice, ditch" (late 13c.), from trenchier "to cut," possibly from Vulgar Latin *trincare, from Latin truncare "to cut or lop off" (see truncate). Trenches for military protection are first so called c.1500. Trench warfare first attested 1918. Trench-coat first recorded 1916, a type of coat worn by British officers in the trenches.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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trenches in Science
trench
  (trěnch)   
A long, steep-sided valley on the ocean floor. Trenches form when one tectonic plate slides beneath another plate at a subduction zone. The Marianas Trench, located in the western Pacific east of the Philippines, is the deepest known trench (10,924 m or 35,831 ft) and the deepest area in the ocean.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for trenches

trenches

Related Terms

in the trenches


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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13
14
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