trochee

trochee

[troh-kee]
noun Prosody.
a foot of two syllables, a long followed by a short in quantitative meter, or a stressed followed by an unstressed in accentual meter. Symbol:

Origin:
1580–90; < Latin trochaeus < Greek (poùs), trochaîos running (foot), equivalent to troch- (variant stem of tréchein to run) + -aios adj. suffix

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Collins
World English Dictionary
trochee (ˈtrəʊkiː)
 
n
prosody Compare iamb a metrical foot of two syllables, the first long and the second short (⏒)
 
[C16: via Latin from Greek trokhaios pous, literally: a running foot, from trekhein to run]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

trochee
1589, from Fr. trochée, from L. trochaeus "a trochee," from Gk. trokhaios (pous), lit. "a running, spinning (foot)," from trekhein "to run." As a metrical foot, a long followed by a short syllable, or an accented followed by an unaccented one.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

trochee

metrical foot consisting of one long syllable (as in classical verse) or stressed syllable (as in English verse) followed by one short or unstressed syllable, as in the word hap|py. Trochaic metres were extensively used in ancient Greek and Latin tragedy and comedy in a form, particularly favoured by Plautus and Terence, called trochaic catalectic tetrameter. Trochaic metres are not easily adapted to English verse. In long poems, such as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Song of Hiawatha, their overall effect is monotony. But they have been used with great effect in shorter poems, particularly by William Blake, as in his well-known poem "The Tyger":

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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