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troop

[troop] /trup/
noun
1.
an assemblage of persons or things; company; band.
2.
a great number or multitude:
A whole troop of children swarmed through the museum.
3.
Military. an armored cavalry or cavalry unit consisting of two or more platoons and a headquarters group.
4.
troops, a body of soldiers, police, etc.:
Mounted troops quelled the riot.
5.
a single soldier, police officer, etc.:
Three troops were killed today by a roadside bomb.
6.
a unit of Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts usually having a maximum of 32 members under the guidance of an adult leader.
7.
a herd, flock, or swarm.
8.
Archaic. a band or troupe of actors.
verb (used without object)
9.
to gather in a company; flock together.
10.
to come, go, or pass in great numbers; throng.
11.
to walk, as if in a march; go:
to troop down to breakfast.
12.
to walk, march, or pass in rank or order:
The students trooped into the auditorium.
13.
to associate or consort (usually followed by with).
verb (used with object)
14.
British Military. to carry (the flag or colors) in a ceremonial way before troops.
15.
Obsolete. to assemble or form into a troop or troops.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < French troupe, Old French trope, probably back formation from tropel herd, flock (French troupeau), equivalent to trop- (< Germanic; see thorp) + -elLatin -ellus diminutive suffix
Related forms
intertroop, adjective
Can be confused
troop, troupe (see synonym study at the current entry)
Synonyms
1. body, group, crowd. See company. 2. crowd, herd, flock, swarm, throng. 8. Troop, troupe both mean a band, company, or group. Troop has various meanings as indicated in the definitions above. With the spelling troupe the word has the specialized meaning of a company of actors, singers, acrobats, or other performers. 9. collect. 10. swarm.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for troop
  • One particular troop was observed acting normally and visited again several years later.
  • The rest of the troop was scrambling around trying to get out of their way.
  • We know that troop surge alone cant make this war winnable.
  • There isn't an easy answer moving forward, but a troop withdraw and a peace agreement seem to be the best options.
  • His preferred plan would cut troop levels by a third and halt conscription, a suggestion that makes many in his own party uneasy.
  • Spotted deer glide through the filtered shade, stopping abruptly when a troop of macaques shriek an alarm call.
  • Signs offering travellers an exhaustive account of troop movements and battles fought line the roads.
  • During high water periods, a troop of longhaired spider monkeys waits out the flood atop a giant kapok tree.
  • While walking, a troop of soldiers came to us to inquire.
  • They declined to identify any troop level attached to it.
British Dictionary definitions for troop

troop

/truːp/
noun
1.
a large group or assembly; flock: a troop of children
2.
a subdivision of a cavalry squadron or artillery battery of about platoon size
3.
(pl) armed forces; soldiers
4.
a large group of Scouts comprising several patrols
5.
an archaic spelling of troupe
verb
6.
(intransitive) to gather, move, or march in or as if in a crowd
7.
(transitive) (military, mainly Brit) to parade (the colour or flag) ceremonially: trooping the colour
8.
(transitive) (Brit, military, slang) (formerly) to report (a serviceman) for a breach of discipline
9.
(intransitive) an archaic word for consort (sense 1)
Word Origin
C16: from French troupe, from troupeau flock, of Germanic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for troop
n.

1540s, "body of soldiers," from Middle French troupe, from Old French trope "band of people, company, troop" (13c.), probably from Frankish *throp "assembly, gathering of people" (cf. Old English ðorp, Old Norse thorp "village," see thorp). OED derives the French word from Latin troppus "flock," which is of unknown origin but may be from the Germanic source.

v.

1560s, "to assemble," from troop (n.). Meaning "to march" is recorded from 1590s; that of "to go in great numbers, to flock" is from c.1600. Related: Trooped; trooping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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