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tropic

[trop-ik] /ˈtrɒp ɪk/
noun
1.
Geography.
  1. either of two corresponding parallels of latitude on the terrestrial globe, one (tropic of Cancer) about 23½° N, and the other (tropic of Capricorn) about 23½° S of the equator, being the boundaries of the Torrid Zone.
  2. the tropics, the regions lying between and near these parallels of latitude; the Torrid Zone and neighboring regions.
2.
Astronomy. either of two circles on the celestial sphere, one lying in the same plane as the tropic of Cancer, the other in the same plane as the tropic of Capricorn.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or occurring in the tropics; tropical:
romance under the tropic skies of Old Mexico.
Origin of tropic
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin tropicus < Greek tropikós pertaining to a turn, equivalent to tróp(os) turn + -ikos -ic
Related forms
nontropic, adjective
untropic, adjective

-tropic

1.
a combining form with the meanings “turned toward, with an orientation toward” that specified by the initial element (geotropic), “having an affinity for, affecting” what is specified (lipotropic; neurotropic; psychotropic), “affecting the activity of, maintaining” a specified organ (gonadotropic).
Compare -trophic.
Origin
see tropic
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for tropic
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Dressing was rapid, for Chris, like the rest of the sailors in the tropic heat, wore only his breeches.

    Mr. Wicker's Window Carley Dawson
  • The fever was in his brain, the magic of the tropic moon was flooding his soul.

    The Leopard Woman Stewart Edward White
  • Gauguin found that he had suddenly aged—a common experience enough for white men coming suddenly into a tropic climate.

    Paul Gauguin, His Life and Art John Gould Fletcher
  • The sun-sets on the English stage are as rapid as in any tropic region.

    Cruel Barbara Allen David Christie Murray
  • It was like a fairy story to see all these strange inhabitants of the tropic seas.

British Dictionary definitions for tropic

tropic

/ˈtrɒpɪk/
noun
1.
(sometimes capital) either of the parallel lines of latitude at about 231/2°N (tropic of Cancer) and 231/2°S (tropic of Capricorn) of the equator
2.
(often capital) the tropics, that part of the earth's surface between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn; the Torrid Zone
3.
(astronomy) either of the two parallel circles on the celestial sphere having the same latitudes and names as the corresponding lines on the earth
adjective
4.
a less common word for tropical
Word Origin
C14: from Late Latin tropicus belonging to a turn, from Greek tropikos, from tropos a turn; from the ancient belief that the sun turned back at the solstices

-tropic

combining form
1.
turning or developing in response to a certain stimulus: heliotropic
Word Origin
from Greek tropos a turn; see trope
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tropic
n.

late 14c., "either of the two circles in the celestial sphere which describe the northernmost and southernmost points of the ecliptic," from Late Latin tropicus "of or pertaining to the solstice" (as a noun, "one of the tropics"), from Latin tropicus "pertaining to a turn," from Greek tropikos "of or pertaining to a turn or change, or to the solstice" (as a noun, "the solstice"), from trope "a turning" (see trope).

The notion is of the point at which the sun "turns back" after reaching its northernmost or southernmost point in the sky. Extended 1520s to the corresponding latitudes on the earth's surface (23 degrees 28 minutes north and south); meaning "region between these parallels" is from 1837. Tropical "hot and lush like the climate of the tropics" is first attested 1834.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tropic in Medicine

-tropic suff.
Affecting or attracted to something specified: gonadotropic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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tropic in Science
tropic
  (trŏp'ĭk)   
  1. Either of the two parallels of latitude representing the points farthest north and south at which the Sun can shine directly overhead. The northern tropic is the Tropic of Cancer and the southern one is the Tropic of Capricorn.

  2. tropics. The region of the Earth lying between these latitudes. The tropics are generally the warmest and most humid region of the Earth. Also called Torrid Zone.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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