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trump1

[truhmp] /trʌmp/
noun
1.
Cards.
  1. any playing card of a suit that for the time outranks the other suits, such a card being able to take any card of another suit.
  2. Often, trumps. (used with a singular verb) the suit itself.
2.
Informal. a fine person; brick.
verb (used with object)
3.
Cards. to take with a trump.
4.
to excel; surpass; outdo.
verb (used without object)
5.
Cards.
  1. to play a trump.
  2. to take a trick with a trump.
Verb phrases
6.
trump up, to devise deceitfully or dishonestly, as an accusation; fabricate:
Try as they might, they were unable to trump up a convincing case against him.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; unexplained variant of triumph
Related forms
trumpless, adjective

trump2

[truhmp] /trʌmp/
noun
1.
a trumpet.
2.
its sound.
verb (used without object)
3.
to blow a trumpet.
Origin
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English trompe < Old French < Old High German trumpa, variant of trumba trumpet; (v.) Middle English trompen < Old French tromper, derivative of trompe
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for trump
  • Why subjective anecdotes often trump objective data.
  • Bid whist is similar to spades, except that players can call the trump suit.
  • My belief is that what is fair should trump the danger of an un-collegial reaction by the other professor.
  • In space travel, as in politics, domestic policy should usually trump grandiose foreign adventures.
  • Targeted investments can trump a region's geographic disadvantages.
  • University lawyers often bump up against an athletics world where speed and money trump legal deliberation.
  • Unfortunately, state law does not trump federal law.
  • Life-support systems and research gear trump dishwashers and portable electronics.
  • And fair enough, if your values trump your job, then change jobs or work in a sector where your values are not in conflict.
  • Data may trump sentiment when those with no sentiment are the producers.
British Dictionary definitions for trump

trump1

/trʌmp/
noun
1.
Also called trump card
  1. any card from the suit chosen as trumps
  2. this suit itself; trumps
2.
Also called trump card. a decisive or advantageous move, resource, action, etc
3.
(informal) a fine or reliable person
verb
4.
to play a trump card on (a suit, or a particular card of a suit, that is not trumps)
5.
(transitive) to outdo or surpass
See also trumps, trump up
Derived Forms
trumpless, adjective
Word Origin
C16: variant of triumph

trump2

/trʌmp/
noun
1.
a trumpet or the sound produced by one
2.
the last trump, the final trumpet call that according to the belief of some will awaken and raise the dead on the Day of Judgment
verb
3.
(intransitive) to produce a sound upon or as if upon the trumpet
4.
(transitive) to proclaim or announce with or as if with a fanfare
5.
(intransitive) (Brit, slang) to expel intestinal gas through the anus
Word Origin
C13: from Old French trompe, from Old High German trumpa trumpet; compare trombone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for trump
n.

"playing card of a suit ranking above others," 1520s, alteration of triumph, name of a card game.

"trumpet," c.1300, from Old French trompe "long, tube-like musical wind instrument" (12c.), cognate with Provençal tromba, Italian tromba, all probably from a Germanic source (cf. Old High German trumpa and Old Norse trumba "trumpet"), of imitative origin.

v.

"surpass, beat," 1580s, from trump (n.). Related: Trumped; trumping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with trump
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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