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truncate

[truhng-keyt] /ˈtrʌŋ keɪt/
verb (used with object), truncated, truncating.
1.
to shorten by cutting off a part; cut short:
Truncate detailed explanations.
2.
Mathematics, Computers. to shorten (a number) by dropping a digit or digits:
The numbers 1.4142 and 1.4987 can both be truncated to 1.4.
adjective
3.
4.
Biology.
  1. square or broad at the end, as if cut off transversely.
  2. lacking the apex, as certain spiral shells.
Origin
1480-1490
1480-90; < Latin truncātus (past participle of truncāre to lop), equivalent to trunc(us) trunk + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
truncately, adverb
subtruncate, adjective
Synonyms
1. abridge, trim, curtail, abbreviate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for truncate
  • Comments are useless if you truncate the conclusions.
  • To truncate a long and tedious story, it has not so far succeeded.
  • Unfortunately, anthologies truncate selections, but often excerpts can move us to read works in their entirety.
  • The number you're left with is called a truncate of the first number.
  • To reduce the number of hits retrieved, you may want to truncate on a longer string.
  • Leaf shape is ovate to obovate with a truncate apex.
British Dictionary definitions for truncate

truncate

verb (trʌŋˈkeɪt; ˈtrʌŋkeɪt)
1.
(transitive) to shorten by cutting off a part, end, or top
adjective (ˈtrʌŋkeɪt)
2.
cut short; truncated
3.
(biology) having a blunt end, as though cut off at the tip a truncate leaf
Derived Forms
truncately, adverb
truncation, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin truncāre to lop
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for truncate
v.

late 15c., from Latin truncatus "cut off," past participle of truncare "to maim, cut off," from truncus "mutilated, cut off" (see trunk). Related: Truncated; truncating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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truncate in Medicine

truncate trun·cate (trŭng'kāt')
v. trun·cat·ed, trun·cat·ing, trun·cates
To shorten by or as if by cutting off, especially by cutting across at right angles to the long axis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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10
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