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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

trunk

[truhngk] /trʌŋk/
noun
1.
the main stem of a tree, as distinct from the branches and roots.
2.
a large, sturdy box or chest for holding or transporting clothes, personal effects, or other articles.
3.
a large compartment, usually in the rear of an automobile, in which luggage, a spare tire, and other articles may be kept.
4.
the body of a person or an animal excluding the head and limbs; torso.
5.
Ichthyology. the part of a fish between the head and the anus.
6.
Architecture.
  1. the shaft of a column.
  2. the dado or die of a pedestal.
7.
the main channel, artery, or line in a river, railroad, highway, canal, or other tributary system.
8.
Telephony, Telegraphy.
  1. a telephone line or channel between two central offices or switching devices that is used in providing telephone connections between subscribers generally.
  2. a telegraph line or channel between two main or central offices.
9.
Anatomy. the main body of an artery, nerve, or the like, as distinct from its branches.
10.
trunks.
  1. brief shorts, loose-fitting or tight, worn by men chiefly for boxing, swimming, and track.
  2. Obsolete, trunk hose.
11.
the long, flexible, cylindrical nasal appendage of the elephant.
12.
Nautical.
  1. a large enclosed passage through the decks or bulkheads of a vessel, for cooling, ventilation, or the like.
  2. any of various watertight casings in a vessel, as the vertical one above the slot for a centerboard in the bottom of a boat.
13.
a conduit; shaft; chute.
adjective
14.
of, relating to, or noting a main channel or line, as of a railroad or river.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English trunke < Latin truncus stem, trunk, stump, noun use of truncus lopped
Related forms
trunkless, adjective
subtrunk, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for trunk
  • Tree with long, straight trunk and usually narrow, dense crown.
  • Thinking fast, he found a long stick and tapped the trunk above the gecko.
  • Then, when the trunk appears too long to some, it sprouts branches.
  • They can occur almost anywhere on the body, but usually develop on the trunk.
  • Shearer now carefully inspects every tree before cutting and has been using metal detectors to check every trunk being processed.
  • Now comes a sonic burst, as a downy woodpecker drills into a nearby trunk.
  • Also, the rear badge moonlights as both a trunk handle and a cover that keeps the rear view camera clean.
  • Shrub or small tree with a short trunk and an open, spreading crown.
  • Trained as a tree, develops an attractive trunk and branch structure.
  • It is fashioned from aluminum, has a padded top and attaches to a nearby trunk with a nylon webbing strap.
British Dictionary definitions for trunk

trunk

/trʌŋk/
noun
1.
the main stem of a tree, usually thick and upright, covered with bark and having branches at some distance from the ground
2.
a large strong case or box used to contain clothes and other personal effects when travelling and for storage
3.
(anatomy) the body excluding the head, neck, and limbs; torso
4.
the elongated prehensile nasal part of an elephant; proboscis
5.
(US & Canadian) Also called (Brit, Austral., NZ, and South African) boot. an enclosed compartment of a car for holding luggage, etc, usually at the rear
6.
(anatomy) the main stem of a nerve, blood vessel, etc
7.
(nautical) a watertight boxlike cover within a vessel with its top above the waterline, such as one used to enclose a centreboard
8.
an enclosed duct or passageway for ventilation, etc
9.
(modifier) of or relating to a main road, railway, etc, in a network: a trunk line
See also trunks
Derived Forms
trunkful, noun
trunkless, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Old French tronc, from Latin truncus, from truncus (adj) lopped
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for trunk
n.

mid-15c., "box, case," from Old French tronc "alms box in a church" (12c.), also "trunk of a tree, trunk of the human body," from Latin truncus, originally "mutilated, cut off." The meaning "box, case" is likely to be from the notion of the body as the "case" of the organs. English acquired the other two senses of the Old French in late 15c.: "main stem of a tree" and "torso of a human body." The sense of "luggage compartment of a motor vehicle" is from 1930. The use in reference to an elephant's snout is from 1560s, perhaps from confusion with trump (short for trumpet). Railroad trunk line is attested from 1843; telephone version is from 1889.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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trunk in Medicine

trunk (trŭngk)
n.

  1. The body excluding the head and limbs.

  2. The main stem of a blood vessel or nerve apart from the branches.

  3. A large collecting lymphatic vessel.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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