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[tur-bid] /ˈtɜr bɪd/
not clear or transparent because of stirred-up sediment or the like; clouded; opaque; obscured:
the turbid waters near the waterfall.
thick or dense, as smoke or clouds.
confused; muddled; disturbed.
Origin of turbid
1620-30; < Latin turbidus disturbed, equivalent to turb(āre) to disturb (derivative of turba turmoil) + -idus -id4
Related forms
turbidity, turbidness, noun
turbidly, adverb
unturbid, adjective
unturbidly, adverb
Can be confused
torpid, turbid, turgid.
turbid, turgid.
1. murky, cloudy, roiled, muddy. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for turbidity
  • Therefore, while churning the bottom and emitting sediment into the water, there will be huge increases in turbidity.
  • Sediment waves form as turbidity currents spill out of the canyons.
  • turbidity is the amount of particulate matter that is suspended in water.
  • turbidity has no health effects, but can interfere with disinfection and provide a medium for microbial growth.
  • turbidity is a measure of the amount of suspended material in the water column.
British Dictionary definitions for turbidity


muddy or opaque, as a liquid clouded with a suspension of particles
dense, thick, or cloudy: turbid fog
in turmoil or confusion
Derived Forms
turbidity, turbidness, noun
turbidly, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Latin turbidus, from turbāre to agitate, from turba crowd
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for turbidity



1620s, from Latin turbidus "muddy, full of confusion," from turbare "to confuse, bewilder," from turba "turmoil, crowd," probably from Greek tyrbe "turmoil."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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turbidity in Medicine

turbid tur·bid (tûr'bĭd)
Having sediment or foreign particles stirred up or suspended; muddy; cloudy.

tur·bid'i·ty n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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