turbine

[tur-bin, -bahyn]
noun
any of various machines having a rotor, usually with vanes or blades, driven by the pressure, momentum, or reactive thrust of a moving fluid, as steam, water, hot gases, or air, either occurring in the form of free jets or as a fluid passing through and entirely filling a housing around the rotor.


Origin:
1815–25; < French < Latin turbin-, stem of turbō something that spins, e.g., top, spindle, whirlwind; akin to turbid

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World English Dictionary
turbine (ˈtɜːbɪn, -baɪn)
 
n
reaction turbine impulse turbine See also gas turbine any of various types of machine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotate. The moving fluid may be water, steam, air, or combustion products of a fuel
 
[C19: from French, from Latin turbō whirlwind, from turbāre to throw into confusion]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

turbine
1838, from Fr. turbine, from L. turbinem (nom. turbo) "spinning top, eddy, whirlwind," related to turba "turmoil, crowd" (see turbid). Originally applied to a wheel spinning on a vertical axis, driven by falling water. Turbo in ref. to gas turbine engines is attested from
1904. Turbocharger is from 1934. Aeronautic turboprop is attested from 1945, with second element short for propeller.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
turbine   (tûr'bĭn, -bīn')  Pronunciation Key 


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Any of various machines in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid, such as water, steam, or gas, is converted to rotary motion. Turbines are used in boat propulsion systems, hydroelectric power generators, and jet aircraft engines. See also gas turbine.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Shareholders receive annual dividend checks based on how much electricity their
  turbine has generated.
First, the water approached the turbine buildings, which had been built with
  large shutters facing the sea.
He hopes to install a wind turbine on the surface that would generate as much
  electricity as the company consumes.
Steam, of course, can be cycled through a turbine to generate electricity.
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