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Turin

[too r-in, tyoo r-, too-rin, tyoo-] /ˈtʊər ɪn, ˈtyʊər-, tʊˈrɪn, tyʊ-/
noun
1.
a city in NW Italy, on the Po: capital of the Kingdom of Italy 1860–65.
Italian Torino.

Sardinia

[sahr-din-ee-uh, -din-yuh] /sɑrˈdɪn i ə, -ˈdɪn yə/
noun
1.
a large island in the Mediterranean, W of Italy: with small nearby islands it comprises a department of Italy. 9301 sq. mi. (24,090 sq. km).
2.
a former kingdom 1720–1860, including this island and Savoy, Piedmont, and Genoa (after 1815) in NW Italy: ruled by the House of Savoy.
Capital: Turin.
Italian Sardegna
[sahr-de-nyah] /sɑrˈdɛ nyɑ/ (Show IPA)
.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Turin

Turin

/tjʊəˈrɪn/
noun
1.
a city in NW Italy, capital of Piedmont region, on the River Po: became capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1720; first capital (1861–65) of united Italy; university (1405); a major industrial centre, producing most of Italy's cars. Pop: 865 263 (2001) Italian name Torino

Sardinia

/sɑːˈdɪnɪə/
noun
1.
the second-largest island in the Mediterranean: forms, with offshore islands, an administrative region of Italy; ceded to Savoy by Austria in 1720 in exchange for Sicily and formed the Kingdom of Sardinia with Piedmont; became part of Italy in 1861. Capital: Cagliari. Pop: 1 637 639 (2003 est). Area: 24 089 sq km (9301 sq miles) Italian name Sardegna
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Turin

Sardinia

large island west of Italy, Latin, from Greek Sardo; perhaps named for the local Iberian people who settled there; the original form and meaning of the name is lost. A Punic (Phoenician) stelle from 7c. B.C.E. refers to it as Shardan. The oblique cases are sometimes Sardonos, etc., as if from *Sardon. Related: Sardinian.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Turin in Culture

Sardinia definition


Italian island in the Mediterranean Sea west of the mainland of Italy.

Note: The kingdom of Sardinia, which was founded in the early eighteenth century, became the nucleus of united Italy during the nineteenth century.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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