|1.||the circular horizontal platform that rotates a gramophone record while it is being played|
|2.||a flat circular platform that can be rotated about its centre, used for turning locomotives and cars|
|3.||the revolvable platform on a microscope on which specimens are examined|
in sound reproduction, rotating platform that carries a phonograph record. Turntables commonly revolve at 16 23, 33 13, 45, or 78 revolutions per minute; many record players have gearing that allows the user to choose among these speeds. For best sound reproduction, constant turning speed is crucial; transcription turntables used by radio stations are weighted to minimize speed variations and are driven by synchronous motors. Though several different types of driving mechanism were tried in early phonographs, the electric motor, cushion-mounted to minimize vibration, became the most widely employed.
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