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turnverein

[turn-vuh-rahyn, too rn-; German too rn-fer-ahyn] /ˈtɜrn vəˌraɪn, ˈtʊərn-; German ˈtʊərn fɛrˌaɪn/
noun
1.
an athletic club, especially of gymnasts.
Origin
1850-1855
1850-55, Americanism; < German: gymnastic club, equivalent to turn(en) to practice gymnastics (see turner2) + Verein union
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for turnverein

(from German turnen, "to practice gymnastics," and Verein, "club, union"), association of gymnasts founded by the German teacher and patriot Friedrich Ludwig Jahn in Berlin in 1811. The term now also denotes a place for physical exercise. The early turnvereins were centres for the cultivation of health and vigour through gymnastic exercise, including the use of such modern gymnastic equipment as the horizontal bar, parallel bars, side horse, and vaulting horse. The organizations were also intended to prepare German youth to defend their country against Napoleonic France, and gymnasts were encouraged to develop a spirit of patriotism and Deutschheit ("Germanness").

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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