turnverein

turnverein

[turn-vuh-rahyn, toorn-; German toorn-fer-ahyn]
noun
an athletic club, especially of gymnasts.

Origin:
1850–55, Americanism; < German: gymnastic club, equivalent to turn(en) to practice gymnastics (see turner2) + Verein union

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To turnverein
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

turnverein

(from German turnen, "to practice gymnastics," and Verein, "club, union"), association of gymnasts founded by the German teacher and patriot Friedrich Ludwig Jahn in Berlin in 1811. The term now also denotes a place for physical exercise. The early turnvereins were centres for the cultivation of health and vigour through gymnastic exercise, including the use of such modern gymnastic equipment as the horizontal bar, parallel bars, side horse, and vaulting horse. The organizations were also intended to prepare German youth to defend their country against Napoleonic France, and gymnasts were encouraged to develop a spirit of patriotism and Deutschheit ("Germanness").

Learn more about turnverein with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature