What's the "een" in Halloween?


[tahyp] /taɪp/
a number of things or persons sharing a particular characteristic, or set of characteristics, that causes them to be regarded as a group, more or less precisely defined or designated; class; category:
a criminal of the most vicious type.
a thing or person regarded as a member of a class or category; kind; sort (usually followed by of):
This is some type of mushroom.
Informal. a person, regarded as reflecting or typifying a certain line of work, environment, etc.:
a couple of civil service types.
a thing or person that represents perfectly or in the best way a class or category; model:
the very type of a headmaster.
  1. a rectangular piece or block, now usually of metal, having on its upper surface a letter or character in relief.
  2. such pieces or blocks collectively.
  3. a similar piece in a typewriter or the like.
  4. such pieces collectively.
  5. a printed character or printed characters:
    a headline in large type.
  6. face (defs 19b, c).
  1. a genus or species that most nearly exemplifies the essential characteristics of a higher group.
  2. the one or more specimens on which the description and naming of a species is based.
  1. the inherited features of an animal or breed that are favorable for any given purpose:
    dairy type.
  2. a strain, breed, or variety of animal, or a single animal, belonging to a specific kind.
Logic, Linguistics. Also called type-word. the general form of a word, expression, symbol, or the like in contrast to its particular instances:
The type “and” in “red and white and blue” has two separate tokens.
Compare token (def 8).
the pattern or model from which something is made.
an image or figure produced by impressing or stamping, as the principal figure or device on either side of a coin or medal.
a distinctive or characteristic mark or sign.
a symbol of something in the future, as an Old Testament event serving as a prefiguration of a New Testament event.
Medicine/Medical, blood group.
verb (used with object), typed, typing.
to write on a typewriter; typewrite or keyboard.
to reproduce in type or in print.
Medicine/Medical. to ascertain the type of (a blood or tissue sample).
to typecast.
to be a type or symbol of; typify; symbolize; represent.
to represent prophetically; foreshadow; prefigure.
verb (used without object), typed, typing.
to typewrite.
1425-75; late Middle English: symbol, figure (< Middle French) < Latin typus bas-relief, ground plan < Greek týpos blow, impression
Related forms
mistype, verb, mistyped, mistyping.
mistyped, adjective
pretype, verb (used with object), pretyped, pretyping.
retype, verb (used with object), retyped, retyping.
untyped, adjective
well-typed, adjective
Can be confused
kind, sort, type (see usage note at kind; see usage note at the current entry)
1. sort, classification, form, stamp. 2. sample, example.
Usage note
2. When preceded by a modifier, type meaning “kind, sort” is sometimes used without a following of: This type furnace uses very little current. In writing, a hyphen is often placed between type and the preceding word or words: a magnetic-type holder; a New England-type corn pudding. This construction is frequently criticized by usage guides; it is most typical of journalistic writing and advertising and occurs rarely in formal speech or writing. In almost all cases the construction can be rendered fully standard either by restoring of after type, with no hyphen (this type of furnace; a New England type of corn pudding) or by omitting type altogether (a magnetic holder).


a suffix representing type, (prototype), especially in names of photographic processes:
Compare typo-. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for type
  • Feeling the need of meeting his copy face to face, he had four copies printed in large type on one side of the page.
  • The model maker holds an exact miniature reproduction of the type of bomb the plane will carry.
  • To accommodate that machine's shortcomings, everyone began to type wrong.
  • They picks one that simulates the type of bait the fish are feeding on at that moment.
  • In any case there will be plenty of others to say that type of stuff anyway.
  • Flying squirrels are a third, adaptable type of squirrel.
  • Yes, please specify the type when discussing diabetes.
  • Woodridge is the type of town you would miss if you blinked.
  • The type of kale known as collards is a large, smooth-leafed plant that does not form a head.
  • Somehow it uses the oxygen in your blood to power some type of fuel cell.
British Dictionary definitions for type


a kind, class, or category, the constituents of which share similar characteristics
a subdivision of a particular class of things or people; sort: what type of shampoo do you use?
the general form, plan, or design distinguishing a particular group
(informal) a person who typifies a particular quality: he's the administrative type
(informal) a person, esp of a specified kind: he's a strange type
  1. a small block of metal or more rarely wood bearing a letter or character in relief for use in printing
  2. such pieces collectively
characters printed from type; print
  1. the taxonomic group the characteristics of which are used for defining the next highest group, for example Rattus norvegicus (brown rat) is the type species of the rat genus Rattus
  2. (as modifier): a type genus, a type species
the characteristic device on a coin
(linguistics) a symbol regarded as standing for the class of all symbols identical to it Compare token (sense 8)
(logic) a class of expressions or of the entities they represent that can all enter into the same syntactic relations. The theory of types was advanced by Bertrand Russell to avoid the liar paradox, Russell's paradox, etc
(philosophy) a universal. If a sentence always has the same meaning whenever it is used, the meaning is said to be a property of the sentence-type Compare token (sense 9)
(mainly Christian theol) a figure, episode, or symbolic factor resembling some future reality in such a way as to foreshadow or prefigure it
(rare) a distinctive sign or mark
to write (copy) on a typewriter
(transitive) to be a symbol of; typify
(transitive) to decide the type of; clarify into a type
(transitive) (med) to determine the blood group of (a blood sample)
(transitive) (mainly Christian theol) to foreshadow or serve as a symbol of (some future reality)
Word Origin
C15: from Latin typus figure, from Greek tupos image, from tuptein to strike


noun, combining form
type or form: archetype
printing type or photographic process: collotype
Word Origin
from Latin -typus, from Greek -typos, from tupostype
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for type

late 15c., "symbol, emblem," from Latin typus "figure, image, form, kind," from Greek typos "dent, impression, mark, figure, original form," from root of typtein "to strike, beat," from PIE root *(s)teu- "to strike, cut, hew" (see steep (adj.)). Extended 1713 to printing blocks with letters carved on them. The meaning "general form or character of some kind, class" is first in English 1843, though it had that sense in Latin and Greek. To be someone's type "be the sort of person that person is attracted to" is recorded from 1934.


"to write with a typewriter," 1888; see type (n.). Related: Typed; typing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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type in Medicine

type (tīp)

  1. A number of people or things having in common traits or characteristics that distinguish them as a group or class.

  2. The general character or structure held in common by a number of people or things considered as a group or class.

  3. A person or thing having the features of a group or class.

  4. An example or a model having the ideal features of a group or class.

  5. A taxonomic group, especially a genus or species, chosen as the representative example in characterizing the larger taxonomic group to which it belongs.

  6. The specimen on which the original description and naming of a taxon is based.

v. typed, typ·ing, types
To determine the antigenic characteristics of a blood or tissue sample.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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type in Technology
theory, programming
(Or "data type") A set of values from which a variable, constant, function, or other expression may take its value. A type is a classification of data that tells the compiler or interpreter how the programmer intends to use it. For example, the process and result of adding two variables differs greatly according to whether they are integers, floating point numbers, or strings.
Types supported by most programming languages include integers (usually limited to some range so they will fit in one word of storage), Booleans, floating point numbers, and characters. Strings are also common, and are represented as lists of characters in some languages.
If s and t are types, then so is s -> t, the type of functions from s to t; that is, give them a term of type s, functions of type s -> t will return a term of type t.
Some types are primitive - built-in to the language, with no visible internal structure - e.g. Boolean; others are composite - constructed from one or more other types (of either kind) - e.g. lists, arrays, structures, unions. Object-oriented programming extends this with classes which encapsulate both the structure of a type and the operations that can be performed on it.
Some languages provide strong typing, others allow implicit type conversion and/or explicit type conversion.
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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type in the Bible

occurs only once in Scripture (1 Cor. 10:11, A.V. marg.). The Greek word _tupos_ is rendered "print" (John 20:25), "figure" (Acts 7:43; Rom. 5:14), "fashion" (Acts 7:44), "manner" (Acts 23:25), "form" (Rom. 6:17), "example" or "ensample" (1 Cor. 10:6, 11; Phil. 3:17; 1 Thess. 1:7; 2 Thess. 3:9; 1 Tim. 4:12). It properly means a "model" or "pattern" or "mould" into which clay or wax was pressed, that it might take the figure or exact shape of the mould. The word "type" is generally used to denote a resemblance between something present and something future, which is called the "antitype."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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