typhoid

[tahy-foid] Pathology.
noun
1.
Also called typhoid fever. an infectious, often fatal, febrile disease, usually of the summer months, characterized by intestinal inflammation and ulceration, caused by the typhoid bacillus, which is usually introduced with food or drink.
adjective
2.
resembling typhus; typhous.

Origin:
1790–1800; typh(us) + -oid

antityphoid, adjective
pretyphoid, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
typhoid (ˈtaɪfɔɪd)
 
adj
1.  resembling typhus
 
n
2.  short for typhoid fever

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

typhoid
1800, lit. "resembling typhus," from typhus + suffix from Gk. -oeides "like," from eidos "form, shape" (see -oid). The noun is from 1861, a shortened form of typhoid fever (1845), so called because it was originally thought to be a variety of typhus.
Typhoid Mary (1909) was Mary Mallon (d.1938), a typhoid carrier who worked as a cook and became notorious after it was learned she had unwittingly infected hundreds in U.S.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

typhoid ty·phoid (tī'foid')
n.
Typhoid fever. adj. ty·phoi·dal (tī-foid'l)
Of, relating to, or resembling typhoid fever.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The bubbling torrent is full of fecal microorganisms responsible for typhoid,
  cholera and amoebic dysentery.
Five million people die each year from waterborne diseases such as cholera,
  typhoid, and dysentery.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread through food, drinks and water.
Update your vaccinations and consider less common vaccinations, such as typhoid
  or rabies, depending on your destinations.
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