[tahy-foid] Pathology.
Also called typhoid fever. an infectious, often fatal, febrile disease, usually of the summer months, characterized by intestinal inflammation and ulceration, caused by the typhoid bacillus, which is usually introduced with food or drink.
resembling typhus; typhous.

1790–1800; typh(us) + -oid

antityphoid, adjective
pretyphoid, adjective
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World English Dictionary
typhoid (ˈtaɪfɔɪd)
1.  resembling typhus
2.  short for typhoid fever

typhoid fever
Also called: enteric fever an acute infectious disease characterized by high fever, rose-coloured spots on the chest or abdomen, abdominal pain, and occasionally intestinal bleeding. It is caused by the bacillus Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water
[C19: from typhus + -oid; so called because the symptoms resemble those of typhus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1800, lit. "resembling typhus," from typhus + suffix from Gk. -oeides "like," from eidos "form, shape" (see -oid). The noun is from 1861, a shortened form of typhoid fever (1845), so called because it was originally thought to be a variety of typhus.
Typhoid Mary (1909) was Mary Mallon (d.1938), a typhoid carrier who worked as a cook and became notorious after it was learned she had unwittingly infected hundreds in U.S.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

typhoid ty·phoid (tī'foid')
Typhoid fever. adj. ty·phoi·dal (tī-foid'l)
Of, relating to, or resembling typhoid fever.

typhoid fever n.
An acute infectious disease caused by Salmonella typhi and characterized by a continued fever, physical and mental depression, an eruption of rose-colored spots on the chest and abdomen, tympanites, and diarrhea. Also called enteric fever.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
typhoid fever   (tī'foid')  Pronunciation Key 
A life-threatening infectious disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi and transmitted through contaminated food and water. It is characterized by high fever, intestinal bleeding, diarrhea, and skin rash.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
typhoid fever [(teye-foyd)]

An acute and highly contagious disease transmitted by food or water contaminated with a kind of bacterium. The disease, which is often fatal, is characterized by high fever, pain in the abdomen, and bleeding in the intestines.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Also called typhoid fever river: noun: large stream of flowing fresh water.
Also called typhoid fever voracious: adjective: eating or hungering for large
  amounts of food.
Despite these hurdles, new vaccines against diseases as disparate as typhoid
  fever and stomach cancer will soon be swallowed.
Twenty cases of typhoid fever from a single house in one year was the record
  that had gone unconsidered.
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