|a screen or mat covered with a dark material for shielding a camera lens from excess light or glare.|
|an arrangement of five objects, as trees, in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.|
(Afrikaans: "outlander"), any British or other non-Afrikaner immigrant in the Transvaal region in the 1880s and '90s. The prospect of gold lured large numbers of newcomers to Johannesburg, where they became a majority of the citizenry and were led by an aristocracy of wealthy mine owners. The Transvaal's long-established rural population of Boers (Afrikaners), afraid of being overwhelmed, passed laws to restrict the Uitlanders' influence. A law of 1888 declared that only the Dutch language could be used in legal proceedings and official documents.
Learn more about Uitlander with a free trial on Britannica.com.