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afraid

[uh-freyd] /əˈfreɪd/
adjective
1.
feeling fear; filled with apprehension:
afraid to go.
2.
feeling regret, unhappiness, or the like:
I'm afraid we can't go on Monday.
3.
feeling reluctance, unwillingness, distaste, or the like:
He seemed afraid to show his own children a little kindness.
Origin
variant spelling of affrayed, past participle of affray to disturb, frighten
Related forms
half-afraid, adjective
unafraid, adjective
Synonyms
1. scared, fearful, disquieted, apprehensive, timid, timorous. Afraid, alarmed, frightened, terrified all indicate a state of fear. Afraid implies inner apprehensive disquiet: afraid of the dark. Alarmed implies that the feelings are aroused through realization of some imminent or unexpected danger to oneself or others: alarmed by (or about ) someone's illness. Frightened means shocked with sudden, but usually short-lived, fear, especially that arising from apprehension of physical harm: frightened by an accident. Terrified suggests the emotional reaction when one is struck with a violent, overwhelming fear: terrified by an earthquake.
Antonyms
1. bold, confident, fearless.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for unafraid
  • They become tame and unafraid of people and live on nothing but bread.
  • He is singularly unafraid to acknowledge violence and horror.
  • Some funds unafraid to take relatively larger risks have also outperformed.
  • The second is that he is unafraid to look within at his own fears and motivations.
  • Yet the tone, while unafraid of the macabre, is resolutely silly.
  • Its staff will fight on, unbowed and unafraid, with the courage to which you have become accustomed.
  • And she seems undaunted by risk taking, never plagued by second guessing, unafraid of making a statement.
  • Not last year's zombie, but the funny, free-range independent unafraid to offend his audience.
  • The contestants show how to be unafraid of mispronouncing foreign words.
  • He's unafraid to say what's on his mind, and doesn't particularly care what you think of his opinion.
British Dictionary definitions for unafraid

unafraid

/ˌʌnəˈfreɪd/
adjective (postpositive) often foll by of
1.
not frightened: unafraid to break new ground

afraid

/əˈfreɪd/
adjective (postpositive)
1.
(often foll by of) feeling fear or apprehension; frightened: he was afraid of cats
2.
reluctant (to do something), as through fear or timidity: he was afraid to let himself go
3.
often foll by that; used to lessen the effect of an unpleasant statement. regretful: I'm afraid that I shall have to tell you to go
Word Origin
C14: affraied, past participle of affray (to frighten)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unafraid
adj.

early 15c., from un- (1) "not" + afraid.

afraid

adj.

early 14c., originally past participle of afray "frighten," from Anglo-French afrayer, from Old French esfreer (see affray (n.)). A rare case of an English adjective that never stands before a noun. Because it was used in A.V. Bible, it acquired independent standing and thrived while affray faded, chasing out the once more common afeared. Sense in I'm afraid "I regret to say, I suspect" (without implication of fear) is first recorded 1590s.

Her blue affrayed eyes wide open shone [Keats, "The Eve of St. Agnes," 1820]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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