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unction

[uhngk-shuh n] /ˈʌŋk ʃən/
noun
1.
an act of anointing, especially as a medical treatment or religious rite.
2.
an unguent or ointment; salve.
3.
something soothing or comforting.
4.
an excessive, affected, sometimes cloying earnestness or fervor in manner, especially in speaking.
5.
Religion.
  1. the oil used in religious rites, as in anointing the sick or dying.
  2. the shedding of a divine or spiritual influence upon a person.
  3. the influence shed.
  4. extreme unction.
6.
the manifestation of spiritual or religious inspiration.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English unctioun < Latin ūnctiōn (stem of ūnctiō) anointing, besmearing, equivalent to ūnct(us) (past participle of ung(u)ere to smear, anoint) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
unctionless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for unction
  • He speaks of chrism as a holy thing, and of the unction that was used at baptism.
  • Preserve the grace of the holy baptism, and the unction of the chrism.
  • At nine o'clock the same evening she desired and received extreme unction.
British Dictionary definitions for unction

unction

/ˈʌŋkʃən/
noun
1.
(mainly RC Church, Eastern Churches) the act of anointing with oil in sacramental ceremonies, in the conferring of holy orders
2.
excessive suavity or affected charm
3.
an ointment or unguent
4.
anything soothing or comforting
Derived Forms
unctionless, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Latin unctiō an anointing, from ungere to anoint; see unguent
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unction
n.

late 14c., "act of anointing as a religious rite," from Latin unctionem (nominative unctio) "anointing," from unctus, past participle of ungere "to anoint" (see unguent).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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unction in Medicine

unction unc·tion (ŭngk'shən)
n.
The action of applying or rubbing with an ointment or oil.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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unction in the Bible

(1 John 2:20,27; R.V., "anointing"). Kings, prophets, and priests were anointed, in token of receiving divine grace. All believers are, in a secondary sense, what Christ was in a primary sense, "the Lord's anointed."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for unction

anointment

ritual application of oil or fat to the head or body of a person or to an object; an almost universal practice in the history of religions, although both the cultic practice followed and the sacred substance employed vary from one religion to another. It is possible to recognize three distinct, though not separate, meanings ascribed to ritual anointments by the devotees of various religions

Learn more about anointment with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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