weather

[weth-er]
noun
1.
the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc.
2.
a strong wind or storm or strong winds and storms collectively: We've had some real weather this spring.
3.
a weathercast: The radio announcer will read the weather right after the commercial.
4.
Usually, weathers. changes or vicissitudes in one's lot or fortunes: She remained a good friend in all weathers.
verb (used with object)
5.
to expose to the weather; dry, season, or otherwise affect by exposure to the air or atmosphere: to weather lumber before marketing it.
6.
to discolor, disintegrate, or affect injuriously, as by the effects of weather: These crumbling stones have been weathered by the centuries.
7.
to bear up against and come safely through (a storm, danger, trouble, etc.): to weather a severe illness.
8.
Nautical. (of a ship, mariner, etc.) to pass or sail to the windward of: to weather a cape.
9.
Architecture. to cause to slope, so as to shed water.
verb (used without object)
10.
to undergo change, especially discoloration or disintegration, as the result of exposure to atmospheric conditions.
11.
to endure or resist exposure to the weather: a coat that weathers well.
12.
to go or come safely through a storm, danger, trouble, etc. (usually followed by through ): It was a difficult time for her, but she weathered through beautifully.
Idioms
13.
under the weather, Informal.
a.
somewhat indisposed; ailing; ill.
b.
suffering from a hangover.
c.
more or less drunk: Many fatal accidents are caused by drivers who are under the weather.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English (noun), Old English weder; cognate with Dutch weder, German Wetter, Old Norse vethr

weatherer, noun

weather, whether, whither, wither (see synonym study at wither).
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
weather (ˈwɛðə)
 
n
1.  a.  Compare climate the day-to-day meteorological conditions, esp temperature, cloudiness, and rainfall, affecting a specific place
 b.  (modifier) relating to the forecasting of weather: a weather ship
2.  a prevailing state or condition
3.  make heavy weather
 a.  (of a vessel) to roll and pitch in heavy seas
 b.  (foll by of) to carry out with great difficulty or unnecessarily great effort
4.  informal under the weather
 a.  not in good health
 b.  intoxicated
 
adj
5.  (prenominal) Compare lee on or at the side or part towards the wind; windward: the weather anchor
 
vb (when intr, foll by through)
6.  to expose or be exposed to the action of the weather
7.  to undergo or cause to undergo changes, such as discoloration, due to the action of the weather
8.  (intr) to withstand the action of the weather
9.  to endure (a crisis, danger, etc)
10.  (tr) to slope (a surface, such as a roof, sill, etc) so as to throw rainwater clear
11.  (tr) to sail to the windward of: to weather a point
 
[Old English weder; related to Old Saxon wedar, Old High German wetar, Old Norse vethr]
 
weathera'bility
 
n
 
'weatherer
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

weather
O.E. weder, from P.Gmc. *wedran (cf. O.S. wedar, O.N. veðr, O.Fris., M.Du., Du. weder, O.H.G. wetar, Ger. Wetter "storm, wind, weather"), from PIE *we-dhro-, "weather," from base *we- "to blow" (see wind (n.)). Spelling with -th- first appeared 15c., though pronunciation
may be much older. Verb sense of "come through safely" is from 1655; that of "wear away by exposure" is from 1757. Weather-beaten is from 1530. Under the weather "indisposed" is from 1827. Weatherman "one who observes the weather" is attested from 1901. Gk. had words for "good weather" (aithria, eudia) and words for "storm" and "winter," but no generic word for "weather" until kairos (lit. "time") began to be used as such in Byzantine times. L. tempestas "weather" (see tempest) also originally meant "time;" and words for "time" also came to mean weather in Ir. (aimsir), Serbo-Cr. (vrijeme), Pol. (czas), etc.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
weather   (wě'ər)  Pronunciation Key 
The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. Weather is described in terms of variable conditions such as temperature, humidity, wind velocity, precipitation, and barometric pressure. Weather on Earth occurs primarily in the troposphere, or lower atmosphere, and is driven by energy from the Sun and the rotation of the Earth. The average weather conditions of a region over time are used to define a region's climate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

under the weather definition


Indisposed, unwell: “The day after the big party, Jay had to call in sick, saying he was feeling under the weather.”

weather definition


The daily conditions of the atmosphere in terms of temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, and moisture.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang Dictionary

under the weather definition


  1. mod.
    ill. : Whatever I ate for lunch is making me feel a bit under the weather.
  2. mod.
    alcohol intoxicated. : Willy's just a tad under the weather.
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

under the weather

Ailing, ill; also, suffering from a hangover. For example, She said she was under the weather and couldn't make it to the meeting. This expression presumably alludes to the influence of the weather on one's health. [Early 1800s] The same term is sometimes used as a euphemism for being drunk, as in After four drinks, Ellen was a bit under the weather.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
The day was warm and after the long parade the speaker was feeling under the
  weather.
He never uses cold-snap, cloudburst or under the weather.
The senator says he is under the weather and cannot join his fellow climate
  skeptics at their annual get-together.
He said he would try, but this morning he felt under the weather.
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