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Denotation vs. Connotation

underground

[adv., uhn-der-ground; adj., n., v. uhn-der-ground] /adv., ˈʌn dərˈgraʊnd; adj., n., v. ˈʌn dərˌgraʊnd/
adverb
1.
beneath the surface of the ground:
traveling underground by subway.
2.
in concealment or secrecy; not openly:
subversion carried on underground.
adjective
3.
existing, situated, operating, or taking place beneath the surface of the ground.
4.
used, or for use, underground.
5.
hidden or secret; not open:
underground political activities.
6.
published or produced by political or social radicals or nonconformists:
an underground newspaper.
7.
avant-garde; experimental:
an underground movie.
8.
critical of or attacking the established society or system:
underground opinion.
9.
of or for nonconformists; unusual:
an underground vegetarian restaurant.
noun
10.
the place or region beneath the surface of the ground.
11.
an underground space or passage.
12.
a secret organization fighting the established government or occupation forces:
He fought in the French underground during the Nazi occupation of France.
13.
(often initial capital letter) a movement or group existing outside the establishment and usually reflecting unorthodox, avant-garde, or radical views.
14.
Chiefly British. a subway system.
verb (used with object)
15.
to place beneath the surface of the ground:
to underground utility lines.
Origin of underground
1565-1575
1565-75; under- + ground1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for underground
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Much later in our national history, Springfield became one of the most important stations of the "underground Railroad."

    Ocean to Ocean on Horseback Willard Glazier
  • The five lowest levels were underground and all were labelled "Mineral Industries."

    City of Endless Night Milo Hastings
  • On sandy shores the Sea Sedge (C. arenaria) is often common, and its underground stems are used for sarsaparilla.

    The Sea Shore William S. Furneaux
  • There, in his underground realm, she reigns all the cold winter months.

    Classic Myths Mary Catherine Judd
  • She bore the taper before you, when you came through the underground passage.

    Tried for Her Life Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth
British Dictionary definitions for underground

underground

adjective (ˈʌndəˌɡraʊnd)
1.
occurring, situated, or used below ground level: an underground tunnel, an underground explosion
2.
secret; hidden: underground activities
adverb (ˌʌndəˈɡraʊnd)
3.
going below ground level: the tunnel led underground
4.
into hiding or secrecy: the group was driven underground
noun (ˈʌndəˌɡraʊnd)
5.
a space or region below ground level
6.
  1. a movement dedicated to overthrowing a government or occupation forces, as in the European countries occupied by the German army in World War II
  2. (as modifier): an underground group
7.
the underground, an electric passenger railway operated in underground tunnels US and Canadian equivalent subway
8.
(usually preceded by the)
  1. any avant-garde, experimental, or subversive movement in popular art, films, music, etc
  2. (as modifier): the underground press, underground music
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for underground
adv.

1570s, "below the surface," from under + ground (n.). As an adjective, attested from c.1600; figurative sense of "hidden, secret" is attested from 1630s; adjectival meaning "subculture" is from 1953, from World War II application to resistance movements against German occupation, on analogy of the dominant culture and Nazis. Noun sense of "underground railway" is from 1887 (shortened from phrase underground railway, itself attested from 1834).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for underground

under

Related Terms

get out from under

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Word Value for underground

14
19
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