undershot

[uhn-der-shot; for 3 also uhn-der-shot]
adjective
1.
having the front teeth of the lower jaw projecting in front of the upper teeth, as a bulldog.
2.
driven by water passing beneath: an undershot vertical water wheel.
verb
3.
simple past tense and past participle of undershoot.

Origin:
1600–10; under- + shot2

Dictionary.com Unabridged

undershoot

[uhn-der-shoot, uhn-der-shoot]
verb (used with object), undershot, undershooting.
1.
to shoot or launch a projectile that strikes under or short of (a target).
2.
Aeronautics. (of an aircraft or pilot) to land before reaching (a landing strip) because of a too rapid loss of altitude.
verb (used without object), undershot, undershooting.
3.
to shoot or launch a projectile so as to strike under or short of a target.

Origin:
1655–65; under- + shoot

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
undershoot (ˌʌndəˈʃuːt)
 
vb , -shoots, -shooting, -shot
1.  (of a pilot) to cause (an aircraft) to land short of (a runway) or (of an aircraft) to land in this way
2.  to shoot a projectile so that it falls short of (a target)

undershot (ˈʌndəˌʃɒt)
 
adj
1.  (of the lower jaw) projecting beyond the upper jaw; underhung
2.  See overshot (of a water wheel) driven by a flow of water that passes under the wheel rather than over it

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

undershoot
1661, "to shoot too low," from under + shoot (v.). In ref. to aircraft or pilots, recorded from 1918. Undershot as a type of water wheel is recorded from 1610.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

undershoot un·der·shoot (ŭn'dər-shōōt')
n.
A temporary decrease below the final steady-state value that may occur immediately following the removal of an influence that had been raising that value.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
If the desired landing spot is being undershot, shallow the approach by increasing power and pitch to readjust the descent angle.
Dogs will have normal dental occlusion, not overshot or undershot jaws.
The gate separating the two pools can be either an overflow gate or an undershot gate.
Another type, the undershot wheel, turns because of water pushed up against the wheel bottom.
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