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official

[uh-fish-uh l] /əˈfɪʃ əl/
noun
1.
a person appointed or elected to an office or charged with certain duties.
adjective
2.
of or pertaining to an office or position of duty, trust, or authority:
official powers.
3.
authorized or issued authoritatively:
an official report.
4.
holding office.
5.
appointed or authorized to act in a designated capacity:
an official representative.
6.
(of an activity or event) intended for the notice of the public and performed or held on behalf of officials or of an organization; formal:
the official opening of a store.
7.
Pharmacology. noting drugs or drug preparations that are recognized by and that conform to the standards of the United States Pharmacopeia or the National Formulary.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Late Latin officiālis of duty, equivalent to Latin offici(um) office + -ālis -al1
Related forms
officially, adverb
nonofficial, adjective
nonofficially, adverb
preofficial, adjective
preofficially, adverb
pseudoofficial, adjective, noun
pseudoofficially, adverb
quasi-official, adjective
quasi-officially, adverb
subofficial, noun, adjective
subofficially, adverb
underofficial, adjective
unofficial, adjective
unofficially, adverb
Can be confused
official, officious.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for unofficial
  • Legend has it that they observed an unofficial ceasefire while underground.
  • Applications without unofficial transcripts attached to the application will not receive consideration.
  • On the other extreme are countries in which the independent press acts as an unofficial political opposition.
  • And if official and unofficial government reports are to be believed, the methods work.
  • By unofficial estimates, the average price of a flat in the capital has risen between five and ten-fold in the past decade.
  • As one state employee explains, everyone gets two salaries: an official one and unofficial one, in an envelope.
  • In music unofficial remixes can boost sales of the original work.
  • Its sources are a bit of a mystery: largely unofficial, even secretive.
  • News is doled out in unofficial interactions with the press.
  • Grateful patients make unofficial payments to their doctors, who have a vested interest in stressing their essential role.
British Dictionary definitions for unofficial

unofficial

/ˌʌnəˈfɪʃəl/
adjective
1.
not official or formal: an unofficial engagement
2.
not confirmed officially: an unofficial report
3.
(of a strike) not approved by the strikers' trade union
4.
(of a medicinal drug) not listed in a pharmacopoeia
Derived Forms
unofficially, adverb

official

/əˈfɪʃəl/
adjective
1.
of or relating to an office, its administration, or its duration
2.
sanctioned by, recognized by, or derived from authority: an official statement
3.
appointed by authority, esp for some special duty
4.
having a formal ceremonial character: an official dinner
noun
5.
a person who holds a position in an organization, government department, etc, esp a subordinate position

Official

/əˈfɪʃəl/
adjective
1.
of or relating to one of the two factions of the IRA and Sinn Féin, created by a split in 1969. The Official movement subsequently renounced terrorism and entered constitutional politics in the Irish Republic as the Workers' Party (now the Democratic Left)
noun
2.
a member of the Official IRA and Sinn Féin
Compare Provisional
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unofficial
adj.

1798, from un- (1) "not" + official (adj.). Related: Unofficially.

official

n.

early 14c., from Old French oficial "law officer; bishop's representative" (12c.) and directly from Late Latin officialis "attendant to a magistrate, public official," noun use of officialis (adj.) "of or belonging to duty, service, or office" (see official (adj.)). Meaning "person in charge of some public work or duty" first recorded 1550s.

adj.

late 14c., "performing a service; required by duty," from Old French oficial "official; main, principal" (14c., Modern French officiel) or directly from Late Latin officialis "of or belonging to duty, service, or office," from Latin officium (see office). Meaning "pertaining to an office or official position" is from c.1600.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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unofficial in Medicine

official of·fi·cial (ə-fĭsh'əl)
adj.
Authorized by or contained in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary. Used of drugs.

unofficial un·of·fi·cial (ŭn'ə-fĭsh'əl)
adj.
Of or being a drug that is not listed in the United States Pharmacopeia or the National Formulary.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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