sympathetic

[sim-puh-thet-ik]
adjective
1.
characterized by, proceeding from, exhibiting, or feeling sympathy; sympathizing; compassionate: a sympathetic listener.
2.
acting or affected by, of the nature of, or pertaining to a special affinity or mutual relationship; congenial: With their many similar tastes, he found her a most sympathetic companion.
3.
looking upon with favor (often followed by to or toward ): She is sympathetic to the project.
4.
Anatomy, Physiology.
a.
pertaining to that part of the autonomic nervous system consisting of nerves that arise from the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spinal cord, and functioning in opposition to the parasympathetic system, as in stimulating heartbeat, dilating the pupil of the eye, etc.
b.
Obsolete. pertaining to the autonomic nervous system in its entirety.
5.
Physics. noting or pertaining to vibrations, sounds, etc., produced by a body as the direct result of similar vibrations in a different body.

Origin:
1635–45; < Neo-Latin sympathēticus < Greek sympathētikós. See sym-, pathetic

sympathetically, adverb
nonsympathetic, adjective
nonsympathetically, adverb
quasi-sympathetic, adjective
quasi-sympathetically, adverb
supersympathetic, adjective
unsympathetic, adjective
unsympathetically, adverb

empathetic, sympathetic, simpatico.


1. commiserating, kind, tender, affectionate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
sympathetic (ˌsɪmpəˈθɛtɪk)
 
adj (when postpositive, often foll by to or towards)
1.  characterized by, feeling, or showing sympathy; understanding
2.  in accord with the subject's personality or mood; congenial: a sympathetic atmosphere
3.  showing agreement (with) or favour (towards): sympathetic to the proposals
4.  anatomy, physiol Compare parasympathetic of or relating to the division of the autonomic nervous system that acts in opposition to the parasympathetic system accelerating the heartbeat, dilating the bronchi, inhibiting the smooth muscles of the digestive tract, etc
5.  relating to vibrations occurring as a result of similar vibrations in a neighbouring body: sympathetic strings on a sitar
 
sympa'thetically
 
adv

unsympathetic (ˌʌnsɪmpəˈθɛtɪk)
 
adj (when postpositive, often foll by to or towards)
1.  not characterized by, feeling, or showing sympathy
2.  not showing agreement (with) or favour (towards)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sympathetic
1640s, "pertaining to sympathy," from Mod.L. sympatheticus, from Gk. sympathetikos, from sympathein, from sympathes "having a fellow feeling, affected by like feelings" (see sympathy). Meaning "having fellow feeling" is recorded from 1718. In anatomical sense, the word
is attested from 1769, from Mod.L. (nervus) sympathicus, coined by Jacques-Benigne Winslow (1669-1760), Danish anatomist living in Paris. Related: Sympathetically.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sympathetic sym·pa·thet·ic (sĭm'pə-thět'ĭk)
adj.
Of, relating to, or acting on the sympathetic nervous system.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Nomads were there also and trying to lure unsympathetic donkeys to help with
  their water load.
Parts of it are in serious trouble from traffic and unsympathetic development,
  and much of the rest is fragile.
Humans are still ruled by the unsympathetic mechanics of the universe, and not
  the other way around.
The two were unsympathetic and their view of military movements was diverse.
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