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welcome

[wel-kuh m] /ˈwɛl kəm/
interjection
1.
(a word of kindly greeting, as to one whose arrival gives pleasure):
Welcome, stranger!
noun
2.
a kindly greeting or reception, as to one whose arrival gives pleasure:
to give someone a warm welcome.
verb (used with object), welcomed, welcoming.
3.
to greet the arrival of (a person, guests, etc.) with pleasure or kindly courtesy.
4.
to receive or accept with pleasure; regard as pleasant or good:
to welcome a change.
5.
to meet, accept, or receive (an action, challenge, person, etc.) in a specified, especially unfriendly, manner:
They welcomed him with hisses and catcalls.
adjective
6.
gladly received, as one whose arrival gives pleasure:
a welcome visitor.
7.
agreeable, as something arriving, occurring, or experienced:
a welcome rest.
8.
given full right by the cordial consent of others:
She is welcome to try it.
9.
without obligation for the courtesy or favor received (used as a conventional response to expressions of thanks):
You're quite welcome.
Idioms
10.
wear out one's welcome, to make one's visits so frequent or of such long duration that they become offensive:
Your cousins have long since worn out their welcome.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English < Scandinavian; compare Old Norse velkominn, equivalent to vel well1 + kominn come (past participle); replacing Old English wilcuma one who is welcome, equivalent to wil- welcome (see will2) + cuma comer
Related forms
welcomeness, noun
welcomer, noun
prewelcome, noun, verb (used with object), prewelcomed, prewelcoming.
unwelcome, adjective
unwelcomed, adjective
unwelcoming, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for unwelcome
  • Some residents put out the unwelcome mat when day-trippers crowd their island.
  • But with business success came the unwelcome creep of drudgery and responsibility.
  • There was a long silence-an unwelcome flashback, perhaps.
  • It is then only that they syllogize unwelcome truths.
  • For many people, increasing forgetfulness is an unwelcome side effect of growing old.
  • Punishers would be unwelcome when defectors take over, as they would have to police the entire group-at high cost to themselves.
  • The other disadvantage, of course, is the possible appearance of unwelcome technical gremlins.
  • Deacon describes the application as both an unnecessary tool and an unwelcome symbol of homogenization in admissions.
  • No matter how much you plan ahead, the unexpected and the irritating can always rear their unwelcome heads.
  • The rise of the default-management industry may bring some unwelcome consequences.
British Dictionary definitions for unwelcome

unwelcome

/ʌnˈwɛlkəm/
adjective
1.
(of persons) not welcome
2.
causing dissatisfaction or displeasure
Derived Forms
unwelcomely, adverb
unwelcomeness, noun

welcome

/ˈwɛlkəm/
adjective
1.
gladly and cordially received or admitted: a welcome guest
2.
bringing pleasure or gratitude: a welcome gift
3.
freely permitted or invited: you are welcome to call
4.
under no obligation (only in such phrases as you're welcome or he's welcome, as conventional responses to thanks)
sentence substitute
5.
an expression of cordial greeting, esp to a person whose arrival is desired or pleasing
noun
6.
the act of greeting or receiving a person or thing; reception: the new theory had a cool welcome
7.
wear out one's welcome, to come more often or stay longer than is acceptable or pleasing
verb (transitive)
8.
to greet the arrival of (visitors, guests, etc) cordially or gladly
9.
to receive or accept, esp gladly
Derived Forms
welcomely, adverb
welcomeness, noun
welcomer, noun
Word Origin
C12: changed (through influence of well1) from Old English wilcuma (agent noun referring to a welcome guest), wilcume (a greeting of welcome), from wilwill² + cuman to come
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unwelcome
adj.

early 14c., from un- (1) "not" + welcome (adj.). Cf. Middle Dutch onwillecome, German unwillkommen.

welcome

n.

Old English wilcuma, exclamation of kindly greeting, from earlier wilcuma (n.) "welcome guest," literally "one whose coming is in accord with another's will," from willa "pleasure, desire, choice" (see will (v.)) + cuma "guest," related to cuman (see come). Cf. Old High German willicomo, Middle Dutch wellecome. Meaning "entertainment or public reception as a greeting" is recorded from 1530. You're welcome as a formulaic response to thank you is attested from 1907. Welcome mat first recorded 1951; welcome wagon is attested from 1961.

v.

Old English wilcumian, from wilcuma (see welcome (n.)). Related: Welcomed; welcoming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with unwelcome
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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