the act or fact of urbanizing, or taking on the characteristics of a city: Urbanization has led to more air pollution and increasing childhood asthma.
Also, especially British, urbanisation.

urbaniz(e) + -ation

overurbanization, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
urbanize or urbanise (ˈɜːbəˌnaɪz)
(usually passive)
 a.  to make (esp a predominantly rural area or country) more industrialized and urban
 b.  to cause the migration of an increasing proportion of (rural dwellers) into cities
urbanise or urbanise
urbani'zation or urbanise
urbani'sation or urbanise

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

urbanization definition

The process by which cities grow or by which societies become more urban.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica


the process by which large numbers of people become permanently concentrated in relatively small areas, forming cities.

Learn more about urbanization with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Urbanization gave way to suburbanization, and with it the universal threat of
The general rule of course is that in a homogeneous population urbanization
  drives violence down.
They are already transforming the perspective on urbanization and population
First, urbanization and industrialization made the poor more dependent on
  public charity for a minimum level of subsistence.
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