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valance

[val-uh ns, vey-luh ns] /ˈvæl əns, ˈveɪ ləns/
noun
1.
a short curtain or piece of drapery that is hung from the edge of a canopy, from the frame of a bed, etc.
2.
a short ornamental piece of drapery placed across the top of a window.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English; perhaps after Valence, French city noted for cloth-making
Related forms
valanced, adjective
Can be confused
valance, valence.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for valance
  • While the ordinary-language usage has a pejorative valance, it is an adaptive function.
  • Evidence has been mounting in the past few years that xenon, as well as other members of zero valance elements, do form compounds.
  • The catalyzed cementation chemistry centers around the use of zero valance iron.
  • Awnings shall have a loose valance, and should generally be located to fit within window or door recesses.
British Dictionary definitions for valance

valance

/ˈvæləns/
noun
1.
a short piece of drapery hung along a shelf, canopy, or bed, or across a window, to hide structural detail
Derived Forms
valanced, adjective
Word Origin
C15: perhaps named after Valence, France, town noted for its textiles
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for valance
n.

piece of drapery, mid-15c., from Anglo-French *valance, from valer "go down," variant of Old French avaler; or possibly from the plural of Old French avalant, from present participle of avaler "go down." The notion is of something "hanging down."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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