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valerian

[vuh-leer-ee-uh n] /vəˈlɪər i ən/
noun
1.
any plant of the genus Valeriana, as the common valerian V. officinalis, having small, fragrant flowers of white, lavender, or pink and a root that is used medicinally.
2.
a drug consisting of or made from the root, formerly used as a nerve sedative and antispasmodic.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English valirian < Medieval Latin valeriāna (herb) of Valeria (old Roman province, where plant is said to have been common); see -an

Valerian

[vuh-leer-ee-uh n] /vəˈlɪər i ən/
noun
1.
(Publius Licinius Valerianus) died a.d. c260, Roman emperor 253–60.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for valerian

valerian

/vəˈlɛərɪən/
noun
1.
Also called allheal. any of various Eurasian valerianaceous plants of the genus Valeriana, esp V. officinalis, having small white or pinkish flowers and a medicinal root
2.
a sedative drug made from the dried roots of V. officinalis
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin valeriana (herba) (herb) of Valerius, unexplained Latin personal name

Valerian

/vəˈlɛərɪən/
noun
1.
Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianus. died 260 ad, Roman emperor (253–260): renewed persecution of the Christians; defeated by the Persians
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for valerian
valerian
late 14c., from O.Fr. valeriane, apparently from fem. sing. of L. adj. Valerianus, from the personal name Valerius (see Valerie); but Weekley writes, "some of the Ger. and Scand. forms of the name point rather to connection with the saga-hero Wieland."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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