follow Dictionary.com

Write a Super Short Story to win an iPod!

vanadium

[vuh-ney-dee-uh m] /vəˈneɪ di əm/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a rare element occurring in certain minerals and obtained as a light-gray powder with a silvery luster or as a ductile metal: used as an ingredient of steel to toughen it and increase its shock resistance. Symbol: V; atomic weight: 50.942; atomic number: 23; specific gravity: 5.96.
Origin
< Neo-Latin (1830) < Icelandic Vanad(ís) epithet of Freya (Vana, genitive of Vanir Vanir + dís goddess) + Neo-Latin -ium -ium
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples from the web for vanadium
  • The color comes from additional traces of chromium and vanadium.
  • He's also a fan of vanadium-redox batteries, which are large tanks with flowing electrolytes.
  • Zinc bromide and vanadium redox flow batteries are other promising technologies.
  • Confused about using electrochemistry and its use with vanadium compounds.
British Dictionary definitions for vanadium

vanadium

/vəˈneɪdɪəm/
noun
1.
a toxic silvery-white metallic element occurring chiefly in carnotite and vanadinite and used in steel alloys, high-speed tools, and as a catalyst. Symbol: V; atomic no: 23; atomic wt: 50.9415; valency: 2–5; relative density: 6.11; melting pt: 1910±10°C; boiling pt: 3409°C
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, from Old Norse Vanadis, epithet of the goddess Freya + -ium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for vanadium
n.

rare metallic element, 1833, named 1830 by Swedish chemist Nils Gabriel Sefström (1787-1845), from Old Norse Vanadis, one of the names of the Norse beauty goddess Freyja (see Freya), perhaps because of its colorful compounds.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
vanadium in Medicine

vanadium va·na·di·um (və-nā'dē-əm)
n.
Symbol V
A soft ductile metallic element, used in rust-resistant high-speed tools, as a carbon stabilizer in some steels, and as a catalyst. Atomic number 23; atomic weight 50.942; melting point 1,900°C; boiling point 3,400°C; specific gravity 6.11; valence 2, 3, 4, 5.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
vanadium in Science
vanadium
  (və-nā'dē-əm)   
Symbol V
A soft, bright-white metallic element that occurs naturally in several minerals. It has good structural strength and is used especially to make strong varieties of steel. Atomic number 23; atomic weight 50.942; melting point 1,890°C; boiling point 3,000°C; specific gravity 6.11; valence 2, 3, 4, 5. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for vanadium

Many English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for vanadium

14
18
Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for vanadium