variety

[vuh-rahy-i-tee]
noun, plural varieties.
1.
the state of being varied or diversified: to give variety to a diet.
2.
difference; discrepancy.
3.
a number of different types of things, especially ones in the same general category: a large variety of fruits.
4.
a kind or sort.
5.
a different form, condition, or phase of something: varieties of pastry; a variety of economic reforms.
6.
a category within a species, based on some hereditary difference.
7.
a type of animal or plant produced by artificial selection.
8.
Philately. a stamp differing from others of the same issue through an accident other than an error of an artist or printer. Compare error ( def 8 ), freak1 ( def 5 ).
9.
Also called variety show. entertainment of mixed character, consisting of a number of individual performances or acts, as of singing, dancing, or skits. Compare vaudeville ( def 1 ).
adjective
10.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a variety: a variety performer.

Origin:
1525–35; < Latin varietās, equivalent to vari(us) various + -etās, variant of -itās -ity after a vowel

nonvariety, noun, plural nonvarieties.
overvariety, noun
subvariety, noun, plural subvarieties.


1. diversity, multiplicity. 3. assortment, collection, group. 5. kind, sort, class, species.


1. sameness.


3, 5. As a collective noun, variety, when preceded by a, is often treated as a plural: A variety of inexpensive goods are sold here. When preceded by the, it is usually treated as a singular: The variety of products is small. See also collective noun, number.
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World English Dictionary
variety (vəˈraɪɪtɪ)
 
n , pl -ties
1.  the quality or condition of being diversified or various
2.  a collection of unlike things, esp of the same general group; assortment
3.  a different form or kind within a general category; sort: varieties of behaviour
4.  a.  taxonomy a race whose distinct characters are insufficient to justify classification as a separate species; a subspecies
 b.  horticulture, stockbreeding a strain of animal or plant produced by artificial breeding
5.  a.  entertainment consisting of a series of short unrelated performances or acts, such as comedy turns, songs, dances, sketches, etc
 b.  (as modifier): a variety show
 
[C16: from Latin varietās, from various]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

variety
1533, from M.Fr. variété, from L. varietatem (nom. varietas) "difference, diversity," from varius "various" (see vary). First recorded 1868, Amer.Eng., in ref. to "music hall or theatrical performances of a mixed nature."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Applicants should have broad experience in a variety of grade levels including
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Successful applicants may come from a variety of interdisciplinary or
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Major duties include teaching a variety of management courses.
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