|1.||Also called: oil varnish a preparation consisting of a solvent, a drying oil, and usually resin, rubber, bitumen, etc, for application to a surface where it polymerizes to yield a hard glossy, usually transparent, coating|
|2.||See also spirit varnish a similar preparation consisting of a substance, such as shellac or cellulose ester, dissolved in a volatile solvent, such as alcohol. It hardens to a film on evaporation of the solvent|
|3.||Also called: natural varnish the sap of certain trees used to produce such a coating|
|4.||a smooth surface, coated with or as with varnish|
|5.||an artificial, superficial, or deceptively pleasing manner, covering, etc; veneer|
|6.||chiefly (Brit) another word for nail polish|
|7.||to cover with varnish|
|8.||to give a smooth surface to, as if by painting with varnish|
|9.||to impart a more attractive appearance to|
|10.||to make superficially attractive|
|[C14: from Old French vernis, from Medieval Latin veronix sandarac, resin, from Medieval Greek berenikē, perhaps from Greek Berenikē, city in Cyrenaica, Libya where varnishes were used]|
liquid coating material containing a resin that dries to a hard transparent film. Most varnishes are a blend of resin, drying oil, drier, and volatile solvent. When varnish dries, its solvent portion evaporates, and the remaining constituents oxidize or polymerize to form a durable transparent film. Varnishes provide protective coatings for wooden surfaces, paintings, and various decorative objects. Varnish protects and enhances the appearance of wooden floors, interior wood paneling and trim, and furniture.
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