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vault1

[vawlt] /vɔlt/
noun
1.
an arched structure, usually made of stones, concrete, or bricks, forming a ceiling or roof over a hall, room, sewer, or other wholly or partially enclosed construction.
2.
an arched structure resembling a vault.
3.
a space, chamber, or passage enclosed by a vault or vaultlike structure, especially one located underground.
4.
an underground chamber, as a cellar or a division of a cellar.
5.
a room or compartment, often built of or lined with steel, reserved for the storage and safekeeping of valuables, especially such a place in a bank.
6.
a strong metal cabinet, usually fireproof and burglarproof, for the storage and safekeeping of valuables, important papers, etc.
7.
a burial chamber.
8.
Anatomy. an arched roof of a cavity.
9.
something likened to an arched roof:
the vault of heaven.
verb (used with object)
10.
to construct or cover with a vault.
11.
to make in the form of a vault; arch.
12.
to extend or stretch over in the manner of an arch; overarch:
An arbor vaulted the path.
13.
to store in a vault:
The paintings will be vaulted when the museum is closed.
verb (used without object)
14.
to curve or bend in the form of a vault.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; (noun) alteration of Middle English voute < Old French vou(l)te, volte < Vulgar Latin *volvita, for Latin volūta, noun use of feminine past participle of Latin volvere to turn (see revolve); (v.) alteration of Middle English vouten < Old French vou(l)ter, volter, derivative of vou(l)te, volte
Related forms
vaultlike, adjective

vault2

[vawlt] /vɔlt/
verb (used without object)
1.
to leap or spring, as to or from a position or over something:
He vaulted over the tennis net.
2.
to leap with the hands supported by something, as by a horizontal pole.
3.
Gymnastics. to leap over a vaulting horse or pommel horse, using the hands for pushing off.
4.
to arrive at or achieve something as if by a spring or leap:
to vault into prominence.
verb (used with object)
5.
to leap over:
to vault a fence.
6.
to cause to leap over or surpass others:
Advertising has vaulted the new perfume into first place.
noun
7.
the act of vaulting.
8.
a leap of a horse; curvet.
9.
Gymnastics. a running jump over a vaulting horse or pommel horse, usually finishing with an acrobatic dismount.
Origin
1530-40; < French volte a turn and volter to turn, respectively < Italian volta (noun) and voltare (v.); see volt2
Related forms
vaulter, noun
Synonyms
1. See jump.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for vault
  • The vault is designed to safely store the seeds of hundreds of thousands of plant varieties from crops grown throughout the globe.
  • The inventor will miniaturize the security of a bank vault into the everyday padlock.
  • All this sounds much more complicated than weighing from time to time a piece of metal stowed away in a vault.
  • The bank was bombed and the stair down to the vault is filled with rubble.
  • They vault over technical fixes as fast as the hurdles are erected.
  • Can you imagine having to vault three quarters of a ton upwards from underneath the vehicle into a confined engine compartment.
  • She was second in the vault and in the floor exercise.
  • Yes, that's the official name of this four-ton motorized bank vault.
  • Normally stored in a climate- controlled vault in the museum, the case is taken out of the vault only on special occasions.
  • One company, however, has opened up its secret vault.
British Dictionary definitions for vault

vault1

/vɔːlt/
noun
1.
an arched structure that forms a roof or ceiling
2.
a room, esp a cellar, having an arched roof down to floor level
3.
a burial chamber, esp when underground
4.
a strongroom for the safe-deposit and storage of valuables
5.
an underground room or part of such a room, used for the storage of wine, food, etc
6.
(anatomy) any arched or domed bodily cavity or space the cranial vault
7.
something suggestive of an arched structure, as the sky
verb
8.
(transitive) to furnish with or as if with an arched roof
9.
(transitive) to construct in the shape of a vault
10.
(intransitive) to curve, arch, or bend in the shape of a vault
Derived Forms
vaultlike, adjective
Word Origin
C14: vaute, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin volvita (unattested) a turn, probably from Latin volvere to roll

vault2

/vɔːlt/
verb
1.
to spring over (an object), esp with the aid of a long pole or with the hands resting on the object
2.
(intransitive) to do, achieve, or attain something as if by a leap he vaulted to fame on the strength of his discovery
3.
(dressage) to perform or cause to perform a curvet
noun
4.
the act of vaulting
5.
(dressage) a low leap; curvet
Derived Forms
vaulter, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Old French voulter to turn, from Italian voltare to turn, from Vulgar Latin volvitāre (unattested) to turn, leap; see vault1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for vault
n.

"arched roof or ceiling," c.1300, vaute, from Old French voute "arch, vaulted roof," from Vulgar Latin *volta, contraction of *volvita, noun use of fem. of *volvitus, alteration of Latin volutus "bowed, arched," past participle of volvere "to turn, turn around, roll" (see volvox). The -l- appeared in English c.1400.

"a leap," 1763, from vault (v.).

v.

"jump or leap over," 1530s (implied in vaulting), from Middle French volter "to gambol, leap," from Italian voltare "to turn," from Vulgar Latin *volvitare "to turn, leap," frequentative of Latin volvere "to turn, turn around, roll" (see volvox). Related: Vaulted; vaulting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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