vendetta

[ven-det-uh]
noun
1.
a private feud in which the members of the family of a murdered person seek to avenge the murder by killing the slayer or one of the slayer's relatives, especially such vengeance as once practiced in Corsica and parts of Italy.
2.
any prolonged and bitter feud, rivalry, contention, or the like: a political vendetta.

Origin:
1850–55; < Italian < Latin vindicta vengeance; see vindictive

vendettist, noun
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Collins
World English Dictionary
vendetta (vɛnˈdɛtə)
 
n
1.  a private feud, originally between Corsican or Sicilian families, in which the relatives of a murdered person seek vengeance by killing the murderer or some member of his family
2.  any prolonged feud, quarrel, etc
 
[C19: from Italian, from Latin vindicta, from vindicāre to avenge; see vindicate]
 
ven'dettist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

vendetta
1855, from It. vendetta "a feud, blood feud," from L. vindicta "revenge" (see vindictive). Especially associated with Corsica.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

vendetta

a continuing state of conflict between two groups within a society (typically kinship groups) characterized by violence, usually killings and counterkillings. It exists in many nonliterate communities in which there is an absence of law or a breakdown of legal procedures and in which attempts to redress a grievance in a way that is acceptable to both parties have failed.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Some for other forms of feud, vendetta, and revenge.
Once again, a national conflict's reduced to personal vendetta.
These findings make me wonder if crows also go a step further and enact vendetta on humans.
For example, a student once came to me claiming that her humanities professor
  had a personal vendetta against her.
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