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[ven-truh l] /ˈvɛn trəl/
of or relating to the venter or belly; abdominal.
Anatomy, Zoology. situated on or toward the lower, abdominal plane of the body; equivalent to the front, or anterior, in humans.
Compare dorsal1 (def 2).
Botany, Mycology. of or designating the lower or inner surface of a structure.
Origin of ventral
1730-40; < Latin ventrālis, equivalent to vent(e)r venter + -ālis -al1
Related forms
ventrally, adverb
interventral, adjective
postventral, adjective
preventral, adjective
subventral, adjective
subventrally, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for ventral
  • Work from the dorsal and ventral sides into the center to cut serving-size fillets.
  • Both are equally beautiful in the warm, wet season, when their ventral wings have multiple large eyespots.
  • One pathway is known as the ventral route, and it's direct and efficient, accounting for the vast majority of our reading.
  • By expelling oxygen from the lungs and contracting the ventral muscles, this obstacle may be temporarily overcome.
  • Scorpions have unique sensory combs, called pectines, on their ventral sides.
  • The main stem then enters the inferior lobe, where it divides into ventral and dorsal branches similar to those in the right lung.
  • Shoulders ventral typically razed, broader and much more higher than dorsal.
British Dictionary definitions for ventral


relating to the front part of the body; towards the belly Compare dorsal
of, relating to, or situated on the upper or inner side of a plant organ, esp a leaf, that is facing the axis
Derived Forms
ventrally, adverb
Word Origin
C18: from Latin ventrālis, from venter abdomen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ventral

1739, from French ventral, from Late Latin ventralis "of or pertaining to the belly or stomach," from Latin venter (genitive ventris) "belly, paunch," from PIE *wend-tri- (cf. Latin vesica "bladder," Sanskrit vastih "bladder," Old High German wanast, German wanst "paunch, belly").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ventral in Medicine

ventral ven·tral (věn'trəl)

  1. Relating to or situated on or close to the abdomen; abdominal.

  2. Relating to or situated on or close to the anterior aspect of the body.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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ventral in Science
Relating to or on the front or lower surface of an animal.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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