verbal

[vur-buhl]
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to words: verbal ability.
2.
consisting of or in the form of words: verbal imagery.
3.
expressed in spoken words; oral rather than written: verbal communication; verbal agreement.
4.
consisting of or expressed in words (as opposed to actions): a verbal protest.
5.
pertaining to or concerned with words only (as opposed to ideas, facts, or realities): a purely verbal distinction between two concepts.
6.
corresponding word for word; verbatim: a verbal translation.
7.
using words: verbal facility.
8.
based on the use of words (as opposed to other activity): a verbal score in a test; verbal IQ.
9.
Grammar.
a.
of, pertaining to, or derived from a verb.
b.
used in a sentence as or like a verb, as participles and infinitives.
noun
10.
Grammar. a word, particularly a noun or adjective, derived from a verb.

Origin:
1485–95; < Latin verbālis, equivalent to verb(um) word (see verb) + -ālis -al1

verbally, adverb
interverbal, adjective
nonverbal, adjective
nonverbally, adverb
preverbal, adjective
subverbal, adjective
unverbal, adjective
unverbally, adverb

1. oral, verbal (see usage note at the current entry) ; 2. verbal, verbose.


3. spoken.


3, 4. Verbal has had the meaning “spoken” since the late 16th century and is thus synonymous with oral: He wrote a memorandum to confirm the verbal agreement. Slightly earlier, verbal had developed the meaning “expressed in words, whether spoken or written (as opposed to actions)”: Verbal support is no help without money and supplies. Although some say that the use of verbal to mean “spoken” produces ambiguity, it rarely does so. Verbal is used in this sense in all varieties of speech and writing and is fully standard. The context usually makes the meaning clear: No documents are necessary; a verbal agreement (or contract or order) will suffice. Oral can be used instead of verbal if the context demands: My lawyer insists on a written contract because oral agreements are too difficult to enforce.
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World English Dictionary
verbal (ˈvɜːbəl)
 
adj
1.  of, relating to, or using words, esp as opposed to ideas, etc: merely verbal concessions
2.  oral rather than written: a verbal agreement
3.  verbatim; literal: an almost verbal copy
4.  grammar of or relating to verbs or a verb
 
n
5.  grammar another word for verbid
6.  slang (plural) abuse or invective: new forms of on-field verbals
7.  slang (plural) a criminal's admission of guilt on arrest
 
vb , -bals, -balling, -balled
8.  slang (of the police) to implicate (someone) in a crime by quoting alleged admission of guilt in court
 
'verbally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

verbal
1484, "dealing with words" (especially in contrast to things or realities), from L. verbalis "consisting of words, relating to verbs," from verbum "word" (see verb). Verbal conditioning is recorded from 1954. Colloquial verbal diarrhea is recorded from 1823.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She would verbally and in handwritten notes specify when she wanted specific
  situations captured.
Subordinates report that he was better at bullying than managing risk, often
  verbally abusing those who challenged him.
All these people will lash out verbally or physically when challenged.
Creating a literary work on some socio-political problem rather than utter
  fiery words verbally, is worth appreciation.
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Synonyms
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