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vermilion

[ver-mil-yuh n] /vərˈmɪl yən/
noun
1.
a brilliant scarlet red.
2.
a bright-red, water-insoluble pigment consisting of mercuric sulfide, once obtained from cinnabar, now usually produced by the reaction of mercury and sulfur.
adjective
3.
of the color vermilion.
verb (used with object)
4.
to color with or as if with vermilion.
Also, vermillion.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English vermilioun, vermillon < Anglo-French, Old French verm(e)illon, equivalent to vermeil vermeil + -on noun suffix

Vermilion

[ver-mil-yuh n] /vərˈmɪl yən/
noun
1.
a town in N Ohio.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for vermilion

vermilion

/vəˈmɪljən/
noun
1.
  1. a bright red to reddish-orange colour
  2. (as adjective) a vermilion car
2.
mercuric sulphide, esp when used as a bright red pigment; cinnabar
Word Origin
C13: from Old French vermeillon, from vermeil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for vermilion
vermilion
1296, "cinnabar, red dye," from O.Fr. vermeillon, from vermeil "bright-red," from L.L. vermiculus "a little worm," specifically, the cochineal insect from which crimson dyes were obtained (see cochineal), in classical L., "larva of an insect, grub, maggot," dim. of vermis "worm" (see worm).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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