any plant belonging to the genus Verbena, of the verbena family, having elongated or flattened spikes of stalkless flowers.

1350–1400; Middle English vervaine < Anglo-French, Middle French verveine < Latin verbēna leafy twig, holy bough carried by priests Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vervain (ˈvɜːveɪn)
any of several verbenaceous plants of the genus Verbena, having square stems and long slender spikes of purple, blue, or white flowers
[C14: from Old French verveine, from Latin verbēna sacred bough; see verbena]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

herbaceous plant, much valued medicinally in Middle Ages, late 14c., from O.Fr. verveine (13c.), from L. verbena (see verbena).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The vervain, the world's second smallest bird is found here.
As the vervain dries up in the smoke, so the tumour will also dry up and disappear.
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