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vicinity

[vi-sin-i-tee] /vɪˈsɪn ɪ ti/
noun, plural vicinities.
1.
the area or region near or about a place; surrounding district; neighborhood:
There are no stores in the vicinity of our house.
2.
state or fact of being near; proximity; propinquity:
He was troubled by the vicinity of the nuclear testing area.
Origin of vicinity
1550-1560
1550-60; < Latin vīcīnitās, equivalent to vīcīn(us) near (vīc(us) wick3, neighborhood + -īnus -ine1) + -itās -ity
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for vicinity

vicinity

/vɪˈsɪnɪtɪ/
noun (pl) -ties
1.
a surrounding, adjacent, or nearby area; neighbourhood
2.
the fact or condition of being close in space or relationship
Word Origin
C16: from Latin vīcīnitās, from vīcīnus neighbouring, from vīcus village
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for vicinity
n.

1560, "nearness in place," from Latin vicinitas "of or pertaining to neighbors or a neighborhood," from vicinus "neighbor, neighboring," from vicus "group of houses, village," related to the -wick, -wich in English place names, from PIE *weik- (see villa). Meaning "surrounding district" is first attested 1796.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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