noun, plural vicinities.
the area or region near or about a place; surrounding district; neighborhood: There are no stores in the vicinity of our house.
state or fact of being near; proximity; propinquity: He was troubled by the vicinity of the nuclear testing area.

1550–60; < Latin vīcīnitās, equivalent to vīcīn(us) near (vīc(us) wick3, neighborhood + -īnus -ine1) + -itās -ity Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vicinity (vɪˈsɪnɪtɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  a surrounding, adjacent, or nearby area; neighbourhood
2.  the fact or condition of being close in space or relationship
[C16: from Latin vīcīnitās, from vīcīnus neighbouring, from vīcus village]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1560, "nearness in place," from L. vicinitas "of or pertaining to neighbors or a neighborhood," from vicinus "neighbor, neighboring," from vicus "group of houses, village," related to the -wick, -wich in Eng. place names, from PIE *weik- (see villa). Meaning "surrounding district"
is first attested 1796.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The vicinity is still agrarian, and breakfast eggs and fruit will have been
  delivered that morning by a local farmer.
The right kidney is usually slightly lower than the left, probably on account
  of the vicinity of the liver.
Using the application a tourist can stroll through the streets of a city and
  view the names of the landmarks in the vicinity.
If you live in the immediate vicinity of the convention center, it's a safe bet
  that you'll find your cell service intermittent.
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