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victim

[vik-tim] /ˈvɪk tɪm/
noun
1.
a person who suffers from a destructive or injurious action or agency:
a victim of an automobile accident.
2.
a person who is deceived or cheated, as by his or her own emotions or ignorance, by the dishonesty of others, or by some impersonal agency:
a victim of misplaced confidence; the victim of a swindler; a victim of an optical illusion.
3.
a person or animal sacrificed or regarded as sacrificed:
war victims.
4.
a living creature sacrificed in religious rites.
Origin
1490-1500
1490-1500; < Latin victima sacrificial animal
Related forms
victimhood, noun
victimless, adjective
nonvictim, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for victim
  • An argument became violent and the first defendant punched and kicked one victim.
  • Two endings involve guys becoming the victim of durer, a prison warden.
  • A fragging victim could also be killed by intentional friendly fire during combat.
  • A murder victim is found to be infected with pneumonic plague.
  • Today, the term is no longer restricted to the case of a child victim.
  • They inject their victim with a powerful poison, which must be resisted or cause death.
  • After a scream of pain from the victim, they erase his memory and send him back to earth.
  • Belmont was hospitalized in new york city, the victim of a mugging.
  • These are used as leverage, to force the victim to act in the desired way.
  • A variety of implements are then used to inflict blows on the victim.
British Dictionary definitions for victim

victim

/ˈvɪktɪm/
noun
1.
a person or thing that suffers harm, death, etc, from another or from some adverse act, circumstance, etc: victims of tyranny
2.
a person who is tricked or swindled; dupe
3.
a living person or animal sacrificed in a religious rite
Usage note
Using the word victim or victims in relation to chronic illness or disability is often considered demeaning and disempowering. Alternative phrases such as who experiences, who has been diagnosed with, or simply with and then the name of the disability or illness, can be used instead
Word Origin
C15: from Latin victima
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for victim
n.

late 15c., "living creature killed and offered as a sacrifice to a deity or supernatural power," from Latin victima "person or animal killed as a sacrifice." Perhaps distantly connected to Old English wig "idol," Gothic weihs "holy," German weihen "consecrate" (cf. Weihnachten "Christmas") on notion of "a consecrated animal." Sense of "person who is hurt, tortured, or killed by another" is first recorded 1650s; meaning "person oppressed by some power or situation" is from 1718. Weaker sense of "person taken advantage of" is recorded from 1781.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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