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victual

[vit-l] /ˈvɪt l/
noun
1.
victuals, food supplies; provisions.
2.
food or provisions for human beings.
verb (used with object), victualed, victualing or (especially British) victualled, victualling.
3.
to supply with victuals.
verb (used without object), victualed, victualing or (especially British) victualled, victualling.
4.
to take or obtain victuals.
5.
Archaic. to eat or feed.
Origin of victual
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English vitaille < Anglo-French, Middle French vitail(l)e, Old French vituaille < Late Latin victuālia provisions, noun use of neuter plural of Latin victuālis pertaining to food, equivalent to victu(s) nourishment, way of living (vic-, variant stem of vīvere to live + -tus suffix of v. action) + -ālis -al1; modern spelling < Latin
Related forms
victualless, adjective
revictual, verb, revictualed, revictualing or (especially British) revictualled, revictualling.
unvictualed, adjective
unvictualled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for victuals

victuals

/ˈvɪtəlz/
plural noun
1.
(sometimes sing) food or provisions

victual

/ˈvɪtəl/
verb -uals, -ualling, -ualled (US) -uals, -ualing, -ualed
1.
to supply with or obtain victuals
2.
(intransitive) (rare) (esp of animals) to partake of victuals
See also victuals
Derived Forms
victual-less, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French vitaille, from Late Latin victuālia provisions, from Latin victuālis concerning food, from victus sustenance, from vīvere to live
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for victuals
n.

c.1300, vitaylle (singular), from Anglo-French and Old French vitaille, from Late Latin victualia "provisions," noun use of plural of victualis "of nourishment," from victus "livelihood, food, sustenance," from root of vivere "to live" (see vital). Spelling altered early 16c. to conform with Latin, but pronunciation remains "vittles."

victual

n.

c.1300; see victuals.

v.

c.1300, from Anglo-French or Old French vitailler, from vitaille (see victuals). Related: Victualed; victualing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
17
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