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vignette

[vin-yet] /vɪnˈyɛt/
noun
1.
a decorative design or small illustration used on the title page of a book or at the beginning or end of a chapter.
2.
an engraving, drawing, photograph, or the like that is shaded off gradually at the edges so as to leave no definite line at the border.
3.
a decorative design representing branches, leaves, grapes, or the like, as in a manuscript.
4.
any small, pleasing picture or view.
5.
a small, graceful literary sketch.
verb (used with object), vignetted, vignetting.
6.
Photography. to finish (a picture, photograph, etc.) in the manner of a vignette.
Origin
1745-1755
1745-55; < French: literally, little vine (see vine, -ette); so called from vinelike decorations in early books
Related forms
vignettist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for vignetting

vignetting

/vɪˈnjɛtɪŋ/
noun
1.
the technique of producing a photographic vignette, esp a portrait, by progressively reducing the amount of light falling on the photographic surface towards the edges
2.
the reduction in area of a light beam passing through a camera lens as the obliquity of the beam is increased

vignette

/vɪˈnjɛt/
noun
1.
a small illustration placed at the beginning or end of a book or chapter
2.
a short graceful literary essay or sketch
3.
a photograph, drawing, etc, with edges that are shaded off
4.
(architect) a carved ornamentation that has a design based upon tendrils, leaves, etc
5.
any small endearing scene, view, picture, etc
verb (transitive)
6.
to finish (a photograph, picture, etc) with a fading border in the form of a vignette
7.
  1. to decorate with vignettes
  2. to portray in or as in a vignette
Derived Forms
vignettist, noun
Word Origin
C18: from French, literally: little vine, from vignevine; with reference to the vine motif frequently used in embellishments to a text
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for vignetting

vignette

n.

1751, "decorative design," originally a design in the form of vine tendrils around the borders of a book page, especially a picture page, from French vignette, from Old French diminutive of vigne "vineyard" (see vine). Sense transferred from the border to the picture itself, then (1853) to a type of small photographic portrait with blurred edges very popular mid-19c. Meaning "literary sketch" is first recorded 1880, probably from the photographic sense.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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