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villanelle

[vil-uh-nel] /ˌvɪl əˈnɛl/
noun, Prosody
1.
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < French < Italian; see villanella, -elle

villanella

[vil-uh-nel-uh; Italian veel-lah-nel-lah] /ˌvɪl əˈnɛl ə; Italian ˌvil lɑˈnɛl lɑ/
noun, plural villanelle
[vil-uh-nel-ee; Italian veel-lah-nel-le] /ˌvɪl əˈnɛl i; Italian ˌvil lɑˈnɛl lɛ/ (Show IPA)
1.
a rustic Italian part song without accompaniment.
Origin
1590-1600; < Italian, feminine of villanello rural, rustic, equivalent to villan(o) peasant, boor (see villain) + -ello -ish
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for villanelle

villanelle

/ˌvɪləˈnɛl/
noun
1.
a verse form of French origin consisting of 19 lines arranged in five tercets and a quatrain. The first and third lines of the first tercet recur alternately at the end of each subsequent tercet and both together at the end of the quatrain
Word Origin
C16: from French, from Italian villanella

villanella

/ˌvɪləˈnɛlə/
noun (pl) -las
1.
a type of part song originating in Naples during the 16th century
Word Origin
C16: from Italian, from villano rustic, from Late Latin vīllānus; see villain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for villanelle
n.

1580s, from French villanelle, from Italian villanella "ballad, rural song," from fem. of villanello "rustic," from Medieval Latin villanus (see villain). As a poetic form, five 3-lined stanzas and a final quatrain, with only two rhymes throughout, usually of pastoral or lyric nature.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for villanelle

rustic song in Italy, where the term originated (Italian villanella from villano: "peasant"); the term was used in France to designate a short poem of popular character favoured by poets in the late 16th century. Du Bellay's "Vanneur de Ble" and Philippe Desportes' "Rozette" are examples of this early type, unrestricted in form. Jean Passerat (died 1602) left several villanelles, one so popular that it set the pattern for later poets and, accidentally, imposed a rigorous and somewhat monotonous form: seven-syllable lines using two rhymes, distributed in (normally) five tercets and a final quatrain with line repetitions.

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villanella

16th-century Italian rustic part-song, usually for three unaccompanied voices, having no set form other than the presence of a refrain. The villanella was most often written in chordal style with clear, simple rhythm. Traditional rules of composition were sometimes broken; for instance, the normally forbidden movement of voices in parallel fifths was common in the villanella. The villanella was not a folk form but a reaction against the more refined madrigal, often parodying well-known madrigal texts and music.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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